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Flashcards in Direction And Surface Deck (43):
0

Ventral

Belly or underside of a body or body part

1

Belly or underside of a body or body part

Ventral

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Dorsal

Refers to the back, or the cranial surface of the manus and pes

3

Refers to the back, or the cranial surface of the manus and pes

Dorsal

4

Cranial

Towards the head

5

Towards the head

Cranial

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Caudal

Towards the tail

7

Towards the tail

Caudal

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Anterior

Front of the body.

Used more in description of organs or body parts

9

Front of the body

Anterior

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Posterior

Rear of the body

11

Rostral

Nose end of the head

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Nose end of the head

Rostral

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Cephalic

Pertaining to the head

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Pertaining to the head

Cephalic

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Medial

Toward the midline

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Toward the midline

Medial

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Lateral

Away from the midline

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Away from the midline

Lateral

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Superior

Uppermost, above, toward the head. Used more commonly in bipeds

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Uppermost, above, toward the head. Used more commonly in bipeds

Superior

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Inferior

Lowermost, below, towards the tail. Used more commonly in bipeds.

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Lowermost, below, towards the tail. Used more commonly in bipeds.

Inferior

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Proximal

Nearest the midline.
Nearest the beginning of a structure.

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Nearest the midline.
Nearest the beginning of a structure.

Proximal

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Distal

Farthest from the midline.
Farthest from the beginning of a structure.

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Farthest from the midline.
Farthest from the beginning of a structure.

Distal

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Superficial

Near the surface. Also called external.

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Near the surface. Also called external.

Superficial

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Deep

Away from the surface. Also called internal.

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Away from the surface. Also called internal.

Deep

31

Palmer

The caudal surface of the manus (front paw) including the carpus (from the antebrachial joint distally)

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The caudal surface of the manus including the carpus

Palmer

33

Plantar

The caudal surface of the pes (rear paw) including the tarsus (from the tibiotarsal joint distally)

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The caudal surface of the pes including the tarsus

Plantar

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Midsagittal plane

Divides the body into equal right and left halves. Also called the median and midline.

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Divides the body into equal right and left halves. Also called the median and midline.

Midsagittal plane

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Sagittal plane

Divides the body into left and right sides

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Divides the body into left and right sides

Sagittal plane

39

Dorsal plane

Divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts. Also called the frontal or coronal plane.

40

Divides the body into dorsal and ventral parts. Also called the frontal or coronal plane.

Dorsal plane

41

Transverse plane

Divides the body into cranial and caudal parts. Also called the horizontal or cross-sectional plane. Can also be used to describe a perpendicular transection to the long axis of an appendage.

42

Divides the body into cranial and caudal parts. Also called the horizontal or cross-sectional plane. Can also be used to describe a perpendicular transection to the long axis of an appendage.

Transverse plane