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Flashcards in Ch 10 Deck (73):
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Excretion

The process of elimination of wastes

1

One function of the kidneys is maintenance of ________ volume by varying the excretion of water in the urine

Blood

2

Kidneys maintain __________ composition of blood by selecting certain ___________ to excrete

Chemical

3

Kidneys maintain blood_____

PH

4

Kidneys excrete waste products of

Protein metabolism

5

Kidneys regulate blood

Pressure

6

Kidneys secrete erythropoietin to stimulate the production of

Erythrocytes

7

Albumin/o

Albumin

8

-ation

Process

9

-esis

Action, process, or result of

10

Glycos/o

Sugar

11

Olig/o

Few

12

Ur/o

Urine or urinary tract

13

Urin/o

Urine

14

-uria

Urine

15

Tubes leading from kidneys to the bladder

Ureters

16

The tube that urine leaves the body through

Urethra

17

Cyst/o

Bladder

18

Glomerul/o

Glomerulus ( filter for the kidney )

19

Nephr/o, ren/o

Kidney

20

Pyel/o

Renal pelvis (reservoir in the kidney that collects the urine)

21

Ureter/o

Ureter

22

Urethr/o

Urethra

23

Renal pelvis

Funnel- shaped structure structure in the middle of each kidney

24

Nephrons

Microscopic Functional units that consist of a long stem and tubular sections called tubules

25

Glomerulus

A cluster of blood vessels surrounded by a structure called Bowman's capsule

26

Filtering of the blood can be called

Glomerular filtration

27

Selective reabsorption of some substances can be called

Tubular reabsorption

28

Secretion of substances into the urine can be called

Tubular secretion

29

The process of filtering blood goes through what structures

Glomerulus(filtration), Bowman's capsule, renal tubule, renal pelvis

30

Glomerulus does not permit

Proteins and blood cells

31

The glomerulus lets what substances through its walls

Water, salts, wastes

32

Function of Bowman's capsule

Collects the substances that filer through the glomerular walls. Passes them to the tubules

33

Tubules

Long twisted tubes that reabsorb water and sugars. Excess nutrients and water are passed down through the ureters and become urine

34

Antidiuretic hormone(ADH)

Increases the reabsorption of water by the renal tubules, decreasing the amount of urine produced

35

Testing urine

Urinalysis

36

The presence of sugar, protein, or blood in urine

Glycosuria, proteinuria, or hematuria

37

Pyuria

Pus in the urine

38

Ketone bodies

End products of lipid (fat) metabolism

39

Kentonuria

Ketone bodies in the urine

40

Diabetes mellitus

An endocrine disorder characterized by glycosuria and hyperglycemia

41

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Excessive growth of bacteria in the urinary tract

42

Voided specimen

Urine sample

43

Blood urea nitrogen

A measure of the amount of urea in the blood

44

Stenosis

Constriction or narrowing

45

Nephrotomography

Sectional radiographic examination of the kidneys

46

Cystocele

Bladder hernia that protrudes into the vagina

47

Nephrosis

Degenerative changes in the kidneys but no inflammation

48

Nephrotoxic

Destructive to kidney tissue

49

Polycystic kidney disease

Hereditary disorder characterized by hundreds of fluid-filled cysts throughout both kidneys

50

Polyp

Tumor found on a mucosal surface, such as the inner lining of the bladder

51

Renal failure

Failure of the kidney to perform its essential functions. Acute renal failure is a critical situation

52

Renal insufficiency

Reduced ability of the kidney to preform its functions

53

Retrograde urogrqphy

X-ray examination of the renal pelvis and ureter after injection of a contrast medium into the renal pelvis

54

Urinary incontinence

Inability to hold urine in the bladder

55

Urinary retention

Inability to empty the bladder

56

Voiding cystourethrogram

Radiographic record of the bladder and urethra after the bladder has been filled with a contrast medium. The x- ray is taken while the patient is urinating

57

Voiding can be called

Urination

58

Radiographic study to access the arterial blood supply to the kidneys

Renal arteriography

59

Excision of a urinary bladder

Cystectomy

60

What combining form Pertains to the filtering structure of the kidney

Glomerul/o

61

What word part refers to the reservoir in the kidney that collects urine

Pyel/o

62

What is the cluster of blood vessel surrounded by a Bowman's capsule

Glomerulus

63

A procedure where small pieces of tissue from a nearby structure are removed through the wall of the urethra

Transurethral resection

64

The final product of protein metabolism and the chief nitrogenous waste present in urine

Urea

65

Each of these is composed of a glomerulus and tubules

Nephron

66

What two processes of urine function happen in the tubules

Reabsorption and secretion

67

The descriptor for lithotripsy which uses sound waves to break up kidney stones

Extracorporeal

68

urinary output of less than 100 ml per day

Anuria

69

Substance on the blood that indicates a rough estimate of kidney function

Blood urea nitrogen

70

A diminished capacity to pass urine (>500mL) daily

Oliguria

71

Hereditary disorder characterized by hundreds of fluid filled cysts throughout both kidneys

Polycystic kidney disease

72

Toxic condition of the body that is associated with failure of the kidneys to function properly

Uremia