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Flashcards in Ch 11 Deck (188):
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The term meaning pertaining to the external female genitalia

Vulval

1

The study of female reproductive organs and the breasts

Gynocology

2

Undescended testicles

Cryptorchidism

3

Surgical fixation of a testicle

Orchiopexy

4

Pertaining to the breasts

Mammary

5

Hemolytic disease of the newborn

Erythroblastosis fetalis

6

An abdominal incision is not necessary for this type of hysterectomy

Vaginal

7

Procedure for male sterilization

Vasectomy

8

The first 28 day of birth is the _______ period

Neonatal

9

Inflammation of the prostate gland

Prostatitis

10

Outside the uterus

Extrauterine

11

Male reproductive structure responsible for production of sperm and hormones

Testis

12

Lymphadenopathy and the appearance of chancre are characteristic of what std

Syphilis

13

Conteoceptives

Birth control methods

14

Inflammation of the vagina can be called vaginitis or

Colpitis

15

Gonads

Testes and overies

16

Function of testes

Produce spermatozoa and hormones

17

Function of overies

Produce ova and hormones

18

Cervic/o

Cervix

19

Colp/o, vagin/o

Vagina

20

Gynec/o

Female

21

Hyster/o, uter/o

Uterus

22

Metr/o, metr/i

Uterine tissue

23

Oophor/o

Ovary

24

Ovar/o

Ovary

25

Salping/o

Uterine tube (fallopian tube)

26

Vulv/o

Vulva (external genitailia)

27

-cidal

Killing

28

Cyst/o

Bladder, cyst, sac

29

Vesic/o

Bladder, cyst, sac

30

Genit/o

Genitals

31

Gonad/o

Genitals or reproduction

32

Men/ o

Month

33

-plasia

Development or formation

34

Rect/o

Rectum

35

Urethr/o

Urethra

36

Urin/o

Urine

37

Mons pubis

A pad of fatty tissue and thick skin that overlies the front of the pubic bone

38

Clitoris

Small mass of erectile tissue and nerves

39

Labia minora

Smaller of two skin folds that protect the vagina

40

Labia majora

Larger of two skin folds that protects the vagina

41

Uterine tube

The tube that deliver ova from the ovaries to the uterus

42

Cervix

The opening of the uterus to the vagina

43

Uterus

Muscular organ that prepares to receive and nurture the fertilized ovum

44

Vagina

The canal that connects the internal and external genitalia

45

Endometrium

The inner lining of the uterus

46

Myometrium

The thick muscular tissue of the uterus

47

Perimetrium

The membrane that surrounds the uterus

48

What does the placenta supply to the fetus

Oxygen and nutrients

49

Ovulation

Production of ova

50

What are the two main hormones produced by overies

Estrogen and progesterone

51

Menstration

The discharge of a bloody fluid from the uterus at fairly regular intervals

52

What type of pregnancy occurs outside the uterus

Ectopic

53

Another name for menopause

Climacteric

54

Another name for menstration

Menses

55

Pap smear

Short for papanicolaou smear, the vagina is held open by a vaginal speculum and samples are taken from cell-shedding tissues

56

Lapar/o

Abdominal wall

57

Salping/o

Uterine tube

59

Dysmenorrhea

Painful menstration

60

Menorrhagia

Excessive flow during menstration

61

Metrorrhagia

Bleeding from the uterus qt any time other than during the menstrual period

62

Cervical polyp

Fibrous or mucous stalked tumor of the cervical mucosa (lining)

63

Polyp

General term for tumors that bleed easily and are found on mucous membranes

64

Cervicocolpitis

Inflammation of the cervix and vagina

65

Cystocele

Herniation or protrusion of the urinary bladder through the wall of the vagina

66

Endometiosis

Condition in which tissue that somewhat resembles the endometrium is found abnormally in various locations in the pelvic cavity

67

Endometritis

Inflammation of the inner lining of the uterus

68

Fistula

Abnormal, tubelike passage between a n internal structure and either another structure or the body surface

69

Hysteroptosis

Prolapse of the uterus

70

Myoma

Common benign fibroid tumor of the uterine muscle

71

Oophoritis

An inflamed condition of the ovary

72

Ovarian carcinoma

Ovarian cancer, usually not detected until late stages

73

Ovarian cyst

Sac filled with fluid that develops in or on the ovary

74

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Infection of the upper genital organs beyond the cervix, involving the peritoneum and intestines

75

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)

Syndrome of nervous tension, irritability, weight gain, headaches, painful breasts, and bloating occurring a few days before menstruation

76

Salpingitis

Inflammation of the uterine tube

77

Salpingocele

Hernial protrusion of a uterine tube

78

Uterine cancer

Any malignancy of the uterus, including the cervix or endometrium

79

Sterilization

Male: vasectomy
Female: tubal ligation

80

Invitro fertilization (IVF)

Fertilizing the ova outside the body by collecting mature ova and placing them in a dish with spermatozoa before placing them in the uterus for implantation

81

Hormone replacement therapy (HTR)

Injection of hormones, common intervention for women who suffer the symptoms of menopause or are a high risk for osteoporosis

82

Colpoplasty

Surgical repair of the vagina

83

Colporrhaphy

Suture of the vagina

84

Conization of the cervix

Excision of a cone of tissue from the cervix performed to remove a lesion or to preform a biopsy

85

Dilation and curettage (D&C)

Surgical procedure that expands the cervical opening so that the uterine wall can be scraped

86

Endometrial ablation

Destruction of a thin layer of the uterus to stop heavy menstrual bleeding.

87

Ablation

Removal or destruction of a part

88

Hysterectomy

Surgical removal of the uterus

89

Laparoscopy

Abdominal exploration using a lighted instrument, a laparoscope, which allows direct visualization of abdominal contents

90

Laparotomy

Surgical opening of the abdomen for various purposes

91

Oophorectomy

Removal of one or both ovaries

92

Salpingectomy

Removal of a uterine tube

93

Tubal ligation

Sterilization of a female by surgically binding or crushing the uterine tubes

94

Fertilization

The union of sperm and ovum, resulting in an embryo

95

Implantation

The embedding of the fertilized ovum into the endometrium

96

Zygote

A fertilized ovum once implanted

97

Placenta

A structure through which the fetus derives nourishment during pregnancy

98

The two extraembryonic membranes

Amnion (inner) and chorion (outer)

99

A developing embryo is called a fetus after how many weeks

8

100

Human chorionic gonadotropin

The hormone that is tested for in order to determine pregnancy

101

Amni/o

Amnion (fetal membrane)

102

Fet/o

Fetus

103

Nat/i

Birth

104

Par/o

To bear offspring

105

-para

A woman who has given birth

110

Absence of menstrual flow when it is normally expected

Amenorrhea

111

Ultrasound

An image of a developing fetus

112

Prenatal

Before birth

113

Postnatal

After birth

114

Neonate

Newborn up to 6 weeks

115

Gestation

Another word for pregnancy

116

Parturition

Synonym for childbirth

117

Antepartum, postpartum

Before birth, after birth

118

Nullipara

A women who has never had a viable birth

119

A woman who is pregnant for the first

Gravida I, or primigravida

120

Cesarean section (c-section)

The surgical removal of the fetus from the uterus

121

Cephalic presentation

Head first birth position, normal

122

Breech presentation

The butt, knees, or feet are presented

123

Shoulder presentation

The back and shoulders are presented

124

Abruptio placentae

Separation of the placenta from the uterine wall after 20 or more weeks, leading to a large hemorrage

125

Amnion

The innermost membrane that surrounds the developing fetus

126

Amniocentesis

Puncture of the amniotic sac to remove amniotic fluid

127

Amniotomy

Surgical rupture of the fetal membranes, preformed to introduce or expedite labor

128

Chorionic villus sampling

Sampling of the placental tissue for prenatal diagnosis of potential genetic defects

129

Down syndrome

Congenital condition characterized by mild to severe mental retardation, caused by a third or irregular 21st chromosome set

130

Episiotomy

Surgical procedure in which an incision is made to enlarge the vaginal opening for delivery

131

Erythroblastosis fetalis

Anemia of newborns characterized by premature destruction of red blood cells

132

Fetal monitoring

Assessment of the fetus in utero, usually with respect to its heartbeat

133

Placenta previa

Abnormal implantation of the placenta in the uterus so that it impinges on the openings at the upper end of the uterine cervix

134

Areola

The circular pigmented area of skin surrounding the nipple

135

Adipose

The fatty tissue in breasts

136

Lactiferous duct

The opening of the nipple

137

Lumpectomy

Surgical removal of a lump

138

How does the penis affect the reproductive process

Transfers sperm into the vagina

139

Prepuce

Loose fold of skin that covers the glans penis

140

Glans penis

The opening of the urethra

141

Epididymis

Storage space for sperm after it is produced in the testes

142

Scrotum

The pouch of skin that holds the tested and epididymis

143

Ductus deferens can also be called

Vas deferens

144

Vas deferens

A tube that goes from the epididymis to the ducts of the seminole vesicle to form an ejaculatory duct.

145

Ejaculatory ducts connect to what structure

The prostate gland

146

An alkaline, mucous-like substance is produce by what glands

Bulbourethral

147

Gon/o

Genitals or reproduction

148

Orchi/o, orchid/o

Testes

149

Test/o, testicul/o

Testes

150

Scrot/o

Strotum, bag

151

Semin/o

Semen

152

Ser/o

Serum

153

Spermat/o

Spermatozoa

154

Vas/o

Vessel or duct, sometimes ductus deferens

155

Semen can be called

Seminal fluid, which consists of sperm cells and secretions

156

Seminal vesicles

A reservoir for semen until it is discharged

157

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Nonmalignant, noninflammatory enlargement of the prostate, most common among men 50+

158

Cryptorchidism

Undescended testicles

159

Hydrocele

Accumulation of fluid in a saclike cavity

160

Orchiditis

Inflammation of a testis

161

Prostatic carcinoma

Slowly progressing cancer of the prostate. Usually detected by a prostate specific agent and a rectal exam

162

Testicular torsion

Axial rotation of the spermatic cord, which cuts off blood supply to the testicle

163

An orchidectomy of both testicles is called

Castration

164

Transurethral microwave thermotherapy

Treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia through the urethra using microwave energy to raise temp selectively and destroy prostatic tissue

165

Transurethral needle ablation

Treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia through the urethra using low level radio frequency energy

166

Transurethral prostatectomy

Partial or complete removal of the prostate gland by passing a cystoscope through the urethra

167

Vasovasosty

Surgically reconnecting the ends of the severed ductus deferens, done to reverse a vasectomy

168

An STD can be called a

Venereal disease

169

Gonrrhea

Males: urethral discharge, dysuria
Females: often asymptomatic

170

Syphilis

Primary stage: painless chancre
Secondary stage: rash
Late stage: 1/3 of untreated cases progress to syphilitic involvement of viscera, the heart, or the CNS

171

Chlamydial infection

Males: urethritis, dysuria, frequent urination
Females: mild symptoms to none

172

Chancroid

Painful ulceration of the genitals

173

Ultrasound

An image of a developing fetus

174

Prenatal

Before birth

175

Postnatal

After birth

176

Neonate

Newborn up to 6 weeks

177

Gestation

Another word for pregnancy

178

Parturition

Synonym for childbirth

179

Antepartum, postpartum

Before birth, after birth

180

Nullipara

A women who has never had a viable birth

181

A woman who is pregnant for the first

Gravida I, or primigravida

182

Cesarean section (c-section)

The surgical removal of the fetus from the uterus

183

Cephalic presentation

Head first birth position, normal

184

Breech presentation

The butt, knees, or feet are presented

185

Shoulder presentation

The back and shoulders are presented

186

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)

Late stage HIV, susceptibility to infections caused by low T lymphocyte counts. STD and blood transmitted

187

Herpes genitalis

A viral infection that causes Blisters and ulceration of the genitalia, fever, and dysuria

188

Condyloma acumilation

(Viral) Genital warts that are caused by the Human Papilloma virus (HPV)

189

Hepataitis B,C,D

Viral inflammatory condition of the liver that can be sexually transmitted

190

Trichomoniasis

A protozoal disorder that causes females to experience a frothy discharge

191

Candidiasis

A fungal infection that involves white patches and cheese like discharge

192

Pubic lice

Severe itching