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Flashcards in Ch 12 Deck (98):
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Two main layers of the skin

Epidermis(outer) and dermis( under the epidermis)

1

Under the dermis there is subcutaneous

Adipose tissue

2

What structures can be found in the dermis

Lymphatics, nerves, blood vessels, hair follicles, sweat glands, sebaceous glands

3

Adip/o

Fat

4

The primary component of the nonliving outer layer of the epidermis

Keratin

5

Lip/o

Fat

6

Axill/o

Axilla (armpit)

7

Bacter/i, bacteri/o

Bacteria

8

Cutane/o

Skin

9

Derm/a, derm/o, demat/o

Skin

10

Erythemat/o

Erythema or redness

11

Follicul/o

Follicle

12

Ichthy/o

Fish

13

Kerat/o

Horny tissue (contains keratin)

14

Onych/o

Nail

15

Ungu/o

Nail

16

Pil/o

Hair

17

Trich/o

Hair

18

Seb/o

Sebum

19

Seps/o

Infection

20

Sept/o

Infection or septum

21

Xer/o

Dry

22

-static

Keeping stationary

23

What do pilomotor muscles do

Erection of the hairs of the skin in response to a chilly environment or emotional stimulus

24

Sweat glands can be called

Sudoriferous glands

25

Although elimination of body wastes in the form of perspiration is a function of sweat glands, their main function is

Regulation of body temperature

26

What is the oily substance that inhibits the growth of bacteria and lubricates the skin

Sebum

27

What kind of glands arise from hair follicles and produce sebum

Sebaceous glands

28

Hair follicles

Tiny tubes of epidermal cells that contain the root of the hair shaft

29

Ungual

Pertaining to the nail

30

Seborrheic keratosis

Skin condition common among the elderly. Consists of benign skin lesions

31

Skin lesion

Any visible, localized abnormality of the skin, such as a wound, rash, or sore

32

Nodule

Marble-like solid lesion more than 1 cm wide and deep

33

Cyst

A sac filled with fluid or semi-solid material

34

Macule

Non-raised, discolored spots less than 1 cm in diameter

35

Papules

Elevated lesion less than 1 cm in diameter

36

Plaques

Elevated and circumscribed patches more than 1 cm in diameter

37

Bullae

Blisters greater than 1 cm and filled with clear fluid

38

Vesicles

Blisters less than 1 cm in diameter and filled with clear fluid

39

Pustules

Vesicles filled with cloudy fluid or pus

40

Wheals

Elevated, irregularly shaped lesion is seen in urticaria(hives), an allergic skin eruption

41

Atrophy

Wasting of the epidermis; skin appears thin and transparent

42

Ulcer

Irregularly shaped erosions that extend into the dermis

43

Fissures

Deep linear splits through the epidermis into the dermis

44

The acronym for remembering the primary skin lesions

BeCause My New Pick-up Plodded, i Paid for a V W

45

BeCause My New Pick-up Plodded, i Paid for a V W

Bulla, cyst, macule, nodule, pustule, plaque, papule, vesicle, wheal

46

Scales

Dried fragments of sloughed epidermis that are whitish and irregular in size and shape

47

Wound

A break in the skin, usually caused by an injury

48

Keloid

Excessive overgrowth of unsightly scar tissue

49

Laceration

A torn, jagged wound

50

Incision

A smooth-edged wound produced by a sharp instrument

51

Aseptic

Free of pathogenic organisms

52

Abrasion

Skin scraped or rubbed away by friction

53

Contusion

A bruise, caused by a blow to the body that does not break the skin

54

Skin graft

Skin is implanted to cover areas where skin has been lost

55

Abscess

Cavity that contains pus caused by an infectious microorganism and surrounded by inflamed tissue

56

Acne vulgaris

Disease of the skin that is common where sebaceous glands are numerous; acne

57

Albinism

Absence of normal pigmentation, caused by a defect in melanin precursors

58

Cellulitis

Acute infection of the skin and subcutaneous tissue characterized most often by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling

59

Contact dermatitis

Skin rash resulting from exposure to an irritant or to a sensitizing agent that initiates an allergic response

60

Cyanosis

Bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes

61

Dermatitis

Inflammatory condition of the skin

62

Discoid lupus erythematosus

Chronic disorder characterized by lesions that are covered with scales

63

Frostbite

Damage to the skin, tissues, and blood vessels as a result of prolonged exposure to cold

64

Furuncle

localized skin infection originating in a gland or hair follicle. Called a boil

65

Hypopigmentation

Decreased tissue pigmentation, but not a complete absence of color

66

Ichthyosis

Any of several skin disorders marked by skin that is dry and scaly

67

Lipoma

Benign tumor consisting of mature fat cells

68

Malignant melanoma

Any malignant tumor of the skin that is composed of melanocytes

69

Mycodermatitis

Inflammation of the skin caused by a fungus

70

Necrosis

Death of areas of damaged or diseased tissue or bone surrounded by healthy tissue

71

Pediculosis

Infestation by lice and named for a genus of sucking lice, pediculus

72

Petechiae

Tiny, purple or red spots as a results of tiny hemorrhages within dermal layers

73

Psoriasis

Red patches covered by thick, dry, silvery scales

74

Scabies

Contagious dermatitis caused by the itch mite that is transmitted by close contact

75

Scleroderma

Chronic hardening and thickening of the skin

76

Skin cancer

Any of several neoplasms of skin; most common and most curable malignancies

77

Urticaria

Skin eruption characterized by wheals of varying shapes and sizes, also called hives

78

Xerosis

Minor irritation of the skin characterized by excessive dryness

79

Trichosis

Any abnormal hair growth, baldness or excessive hair growth

80

Seborrhea

Excessive production of sebum

81

What term means to flush an open wound with a medicated solution, water, sterile saline, or an antimicrobial

Wound irrigation

82

Topical medications

Drugs placed directly on the skin

83

Asepsis

Absence of germs

84

Bacteriostatic

Inhibiting the growth of bacteria

85

Bactericidal

Killing bacteria

86

Sepsis

Contamination or infection

87

And infected wound cab be described as

Septic

88

Transdermal drug delivery

Drugs place onto unbroken skin

89

Liposuction can be called suction assisted

Lipectomy

90

Collagen injection are used for

Enhance lips or fatten sunken facial skin

91

Collagen is a

Insoluble protein

92

How do Botox injections reduce wrinkles

It reduces the contractions of muscles that can cause frown lines

93

Antiperspirant

Compounds that act against inhibit perspiration

94

Debridement

Removal of foreign material and dead or damaged tissue, especially from a wound

95

Dermabrasion

Treatment for removing superficial scars on the skin by the use of revolving wire brushing or sandpaper

96

Electrolysis

Destruction of a substance by passing electrical current through it. Laser treatments are used to remove hair that is unwanted

97

Electrosurgery

Surgery that is preformed with electrical instruments that operate on high-frequency electric current and are often used to destroy skin lesions