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Flashcards in Ch 8 Deck (103):
1

Respiration

Absorbing O2 and discarding CO2.

2

Homeostasis

State of equilibrium in the body

3

Inhalation can be called

Inspiration

4

Exhalation can be called

Expiration

5

Throat tube that leads to the openings for food and air

Pharynx

6

Opening that leads to the lungs

Larynx

7

Wind pipe

Trachea

8

Main branches of the lungs

Bronchi

9

Smaller branches of the lungs

Bronchioles

10

Small air sacs at the end of the bronchioles

Alveoli

11

Large muscle that contracts the lungs

Diaphragm

12

What structures make up the Upper Respiratory Tract (URT)

Nose, nasal cavity, sinuses, pharynx, larynx

13

What structures make up the Lower Respiratory Tract (LRT)

The trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, and lungs

14

Phren/o

Diaphragm

15

Alveol/o

Alveolus

16

Membrane that surrounds each lung

Pleura

17

The space between the pleura that covers the lungs and the pleura that lines the thoracic cavity

Pleural cavity

18

Bronch/o , bronchi/o

Bronchus

19

Bronchiol/o

Bronchiole

20

Epiglott/o

Epiglottis

21

Laryng/o

Larynx (voice box)

22

Lob/o

Lobe

23

Nas/o, rhin/o

Nose

24

Phren/o

Diaphragm, sometimes mind

25

Pleur/o

Pleura

26

Pharyng/o

Pharynx (throat)

27

Pneum/o, pneumon/o, pulm/o, pulmon/o

Lung

28

Trache/o

Trachea (wind pipe)

29

Eupnea

Normal breathing, 15-20 breaths per minute

30

Dyspnea

Labored or difficult breathing

31

Apnea

Temporary absence of breath

32

Orthopnea

A condition where breathing is uncomfortable in any position except sitting erect or standing

33

Bradypnea

Slow breathing, less than 12 breaths per minute

34

Tachypnea

Fast breathing, more than 25 breaths per minute

35

Hyperpnea

Breathing that is deeper than normal

36

Hyperventilation

Increases aeration of the lungs, reduced CO2 levels, disrupts homeostasis

37

Spirometry

Measurement of the amount of air taken into and expelled from the lungs

38

Vital capacity

The max amount of air that can be exhaled after a max inhalation

39

Hypoxia, anoxia

Deficiency of oxygen

40

Inability of lungs to perform their ventilatory function is__________

Acute respiratory failure

41

Ism

Condition

42

Edema

Abnormal accumulation of fluid

43

Effusion

Escape

44

The structure that separates the right and left nostrils

Nasal septum

45

Opening of the larynx

Epiglottis

46

Aphonia

Absence of voice

47

Dysphonia

Difficulty speaking

48

The vocal apparatus of the larynx that consists of the vocal chords and the openings between them

Glottis

49

Asthma

Paroxysmal dyspnea accompanied by wheezing. Caused by a spasm of the bronchi or swelling of their mucus membranes

50

Wheezing

Whistling sound during respiration

51

Paroxymal

Occurring in sudden, periodic attacks

52

Adult respiratory distress syndrome

Disorder characterized by respiratory insufficiency and hypoxemia

53

Atelectasis

Incomplete expansion or collapse of a lung

54

Bronchiectasis

Chronic dilation of a bronchus or the bronchi accompanied by a secondary infection in the lower lung

55

Bronchography

Radiography of the bronchi after injection of a radiopaque substance. This procedure has been replaced by computed tomography

56

Carcinoma of the lung

Lung cancer, the most common cancer.

57

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)

Disease process that decreases lungs' ability to perform their ventilatory function. Results from other chronic lung diseases

58

Emphysema

Chronic pulmonary disease characterized by an increase in the size of alveoli and by a destruction of their walls, hard to breath

59

Influenza

Acute, contagious infection with chills, headache, fever, and muscular discomfort

60

Pleuritis

Inflammation of the pleura, also called pleurisy

61

Pneumoconiosis

Respiratory condition caused by inhalation of dust

62

Pulmonary embolism

Blockage of a pulmonary artery by a foreign matter such as fat, air, tumor, or blood clot

63

Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)

Infectious respiratory disease spread by close contact with an infected person and caused by a coronavirus

64

Silicosis

Form of pneumoconiosis resulting from inhalation of dust of stone, sand, or quartz that contains silica

65

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)

Sudden death of a seemingly normal baby

66

Tuberculosis (tb)

Infectious disease that is chronic in nature and usually affects the lungs. Named after tubercles in the lungs

67

Asphyxiation

Suffocation, needs to be corrected immediately

68

Tracheostomy

Formation of a hole in the trachea

69

Ventilator

A machine that is used for prolonged ventilation of the lungs

70

Decongestants

Eliminate or reduce swelling or congestion

71

Antitussives

Prevent or relieve coughing

72

Antihistamines

Used to treat colds and allergies

73

Bronchodilators

Open up bronchi for conditions such as asthma

74

Mucolytics

Destroy or dissolve mucus

75

Atel/o

Imperfect

76

Con/i

Dust

77

Home/o

Sameness

78

-ole

Little

79

Ox/o

Oxygen

80

-pnea

Breathing

81

Silic/o

Silica

82

Spir/o

To breathe

83

What combining form means diaphragm or mind

Phren/o

84

Epiglottis is above the __________, the vocal apparatus of the larynx.

Glottis

85

The air filled cavities in the bones around the nose are called the

Paranasal sinuses

86

Sialigraphy

Radiographic examination of the salivary glands and ducts

87

Hypoxia also can be called

Anoxia

88

A condition caused by lung irritants or overuse that can lead to aphonia

Laryngitis

89

Under the tongue

Hypoglossal

90

Anus

Outlet of the large intestine

91

Cecum

First part of the large intestine

92

Appendix(vermiform)

Blind pouch attached to cecum

93

Colon

Major portion of the large intestine

94

Doudenum

First part of the small intestine

95

Esophagus

Connects the mouth to the stomach

96

Gallbladder

Storage sac for bile

97

ileum

Portion of small intestine that attaches to large intestine

98

Jejunum

Second part of small intestine

99

Liver

Accessory digestive organ that produces bile

100

Bile

Produced by the liver, this substance breaks down fats before absorption by the small intestine

101

Cholecyst/o

Gallbladder

102

Choledoch/o

Common bile duct

103

Hepat

Liver