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Flashcards in Ch 14 Deck (55):
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Endocrine system

Coordinates with the nervous system

1

Hyposecretion

Decreased hormone production

2

Hypersecretion

Increased hormone production

3

Endocrine gland

Ductless gland that secretes directly into the bloodstream

4

Exocrine glands

Glands with ducts that open onto a body surface, for example sweat glands

5

Target organ

The organ that is directly affected by a gland

6

What two things trigger glands to release hormones

Hormones are released in response to the nervous system or in response to signals from the pituitary gland

7

Why is the Pituitary gland referred to as the "master gland"

It sends hormone signals to other glands that tell them to release hormones

8

What is another name for the pituitary gland

Hypophysis

9

Pineal gland

Shaped like a pinecone and attached to the posterior of the brain, believed to secrete the hormone melatonin

10

Thyroid gland

Front of the neck, consists of bilateral lobes connected by a narrow strip of thyroid tissue

11

Parathyroid glands

Near the thyroid and imbedded into it.

12

What organ are the Islets of Langerhans located by

Pancreas

13

Adrenal glands

On top of the kidneys, the structures that produce adrenaline

14

Name the 8 main glands

pituitary, adrenal, pancreas, thyroid, parathyroid, testes, ovaries, pineal,

15

Pancreat/o

Pancreas

16

Parathyroid/o

Parathyroid

17

Pituitar/o

Pituitary

18

Hypophys/o

Pituitary

19

Ren/o

Kidney

20

Thyr/o

Thyroid

21

-gen

Beginning

22

-physis

Growth

23

-tropic

Stimulate

24

-tropin

That which stimulates

25

Gigant/o

Giant

26

Myx/o

Mucus

27

Iod/o

Iodine

28

Andr/o

Male or masculine

29

Adrenaline

From adrenals, stimulates "fight or flight" response

30

Androgen

From testicles, development of masculine characteristics

31

Antidiuretic hormone

From the pituitary, suppresses urine formation

32

Cortizone

From the adrenals, important in regulation of body metabolism

33

Estrogen

From ovaries, during the menstrual cycle estrogen acts on the female genitalia to produce a suitable site for fertilization

34

Growth hormone

From the pituitary, stimulates growth and maintenance of size

35

Insulin

From the pancreas, regulates blood glucose by coordinating with other hormones

36

Thyroxine

From the thyroid, promotes cell metabolism

37

Protrusion of eyeballs is called what, and associated with what condition

Exophthalmos, hyperthyroidism

38

Goiter

Thyroid enlargement or mass

39

Diabetes insipidus

A disease where either there is a deficiency in antidiuretic hormone, or the kidneys don't respond to ADH correctly

40

Acromegaly

Abnormal enlargement of the extremities if the skeleton: nose, jaw, fingers and toes

41

Adenoma

Tumor of a gland

42

Cretinism

Condition caused by congenital deficiency of thyroid secretion and marked by arrested physical and mental development

43

Dwarfism

Hyposecretion of growth hormone during childhood

44

Gigantism

Condition in which a person reaches an abnormally large stature because of HGH hypersecretion

45

Hyperinsulinism

Excessive secretion of insulin by the pancreas, which causes hypoglycemia

46

Hyperparathyroidism

Increased activity of the parathyroid glands

47

Hypoglycemia

Abnormally low blood sugar

48

Hypopituitarism

Diminished activity of the pituitary gland

49

Myxedema

Condition resulting from hypofunction of the thyroid gland, characterized by dry, waxy swelling of the skin

50

Thyrotoxicosis

Morbid condition caused by excessive thyroid secretion

51

Hypophysectomy

Surgical removal of the pituitary gland

52

Adenectomy

Removal of a gland

53

Type 1 diabetes is controlled by diet, exercise and

Administration of insulin

54

Type 2 diabetes is controlled by diet, exercise and

Glucose-lowering agents