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Flashcards in Ch. 10 Search and Rescue Deck (38):
1

Primary search is:

Quick search for live victims before fire is under control
- some cases, performed before hoseline has water

Won't be so thorough that a DETERMINED person couldn't hide from you

Quick once-over of accessible area, emphasis checking MOST LIKELY locations

2

To be efficient, all searches must be:

Planned events

3

Basics of search and rescue (related to TIC)

Maintain contact with:
-other member
-search line
-hoseline
-wall
Ensure landmarks will lead them back to safety

4

Sweeping a room (with a TIC) to achieve goals:

looking for a fire, victim, hazards, landmarks
*landmarks-escape routes*

5

TIC: civilians look different from firefighters depending on:

Their clothing AND
The heat level in the environment

6

Items that appear dark/black in TIC:

FF's (dark)
Holes in the floor (dark, if no fire below)
SCBA cylinder (black, as it cools)

7

These all reflect heat energy the camera detects
- could fool FF AS TO LOCATION OF FIRE

Windows
Glass doors
Mirrors

8

All members performing interior operations should be taught 2 emergency maneuvers for use with SCBA:

Reduced profile maneuver (right/right).
Emergency escape (left/left).

9

Wearing SCBA on your back will give you front-to-back profile of about:

18-20 inches

10

Front-to-back profile of 18-20 inches may be too wide to allow you to pass through:

Between building wall and stair on fire escape
Between studs of a partition wall (16 in. on center)

11

Emergency escape maneuver is ________.

Extension of reduced profile maneuver
-in the past referred to as "quick-release maneuver"

12

Where to start search of fire floor vs floors above fire:

Fire floor: as close to fire as safe, work back towards entrance
Above fire floor: as soon as you enter floor area, progress towards fire

13

Those above fire are threatened by ______ while those in fire area are threatened by ________.

Gases
Both gases and fire

14

A key element of any strategic plan is: (Ch. 10)

Intelligence gathering

15

Routes people normally use to enter and exit the structure:

Means through the MAIN door and up the MAIN interior stairway

16

If fire blocks the victims' escape route, that means:

It has also blocked our main approach route to other victims in bedrooms

17

Can't afford to have teams duplicating primary searches or searching where a victim would unlikely be. MOST CERTAIN way to do this is:

Assigning teams to different locations that must be covered as part of SOPs.

18

To indicate a room has been searched, talk about u-shaped mattress. Bad idea for 2 reasons:

mattress won't stay in u-shape
Mattress may cover victim

19

Instead of u-shape mattress, BETTER WAY to prevent duplicating search is: (better is not best)

Latch straps
-indicate room has been searched AND prevent door from closing

20

Closing doors between you and fire is normally a good idea, but only if:

You are certain of ANOTHER way out

21

Room of house to NEVER retreat into? Why?

Bathroom, Windows too small for escape.

22

Secondary search started after? Normally combined with?

Visible fire under control/conditions start to improve
Postcontrol overhaul phase

23

Two area occasionally overlooked during PRIMARY search:

Cribs and top level of bunk beds

24

When body overlooked, fire service has received not only ______ but also _______.

Bad press coverage
Threat of negligence suits

25

Ch. 10, search and rescue
- Generally, areas ________ don't warrant forcible entry unless they show signs of specific problems

Two or more floors BELOW the fire
* exception may be below-grade areas (CO settling)

26

Even at seemingly routine fires, you must search ____ of the areas above the fire and ____ of the accessible areas below it.

All, all.

27

Another name for Guide rope?

- Search rope or Tag line?

Tag line

28

Dimensions of guide rope:

1/4 or 3/8" rope (Kevlar), 200-300 ft stored compactly

29

(Guide ropes) Small-diameter rope for directional purposes. Need more than just a rope:

Plan
Some additional support equipment
Personnel trained in carrying out each step of the plan

30

(Guide rope) After attaching rope to a "substantial object on outside", member carrying remaining rope is designated as:

Anchor (who is partnered with officer)

31

Anchors job is to:

Ensure rope remains taut at all times
If you backtrack, anchor retrieves the rope

32

You should deploy a guide rope:

Any bldg where disorientation AND depletion of air supply are possible
-large area office bldgs, hospitals and schools - excellent candidates
-as are tunnels, ships and subways

33

When using guide rope, isn't necessary each member remains attached, instead as long as they maintain:

Physical, visual or voice contact

34

TIC
_____ appear black and ______ are plainly visible, since they appear to be white. Can detect as little as ______.

Cooler objects
Warmer objects

0.5F temperature difference

35

______ of victims are found in a couple key locations-bedrooms and exit paths- "_________________"

70%
"Critical targets"

36

36%, 35%, and 10% victims are _________. Infants, invalids, and the like as well as those passed out from alcohol overdose fall into _________.

36%-died in sleep
35%-died while trying to escape
10%-unable to act

10%

37

For bedrooms above the fire, should be reached by _______________ and the best way to do this is ________.

Doing an end run around the fire

VES

38

One of the most frequent chances to preplan is while _____________.

At medical assistance runs