Flashcards in Ch. 10 Search and Rescue Deck (38):
Primary search is:
Quick search for live victims before fire is under control
- some cases, performed before hoseline has water
Won't be so thorough that a DETERMINED person couldn't hide from you
Quick once-over of accessible area, emphasis checking MOST LIKELY locations
To be efficient, all searches must be:
Basics of search and rescue (related to TIC)
Maintain contact with:
Ensure landmarks will lead them back to safety
Sweeping a room (with a TIC) to achieve goals:
looking for a fire, victim, hazards, landmarks
TIC: civilians look different from firefighters depending on:
Their clothing AND
The heat level in the environment
Items that appear dark/black in TIC:
Holes in the floor (dark, if no fire below)
SCBA cylinder (black, as it cools)
These all reflect heat energy the camera detects
- could fool FF AS TO LOCATION OF FIRE
All members performing interior operations should be taught 2 emergency maneuvers for use with SCBA:
Reduced profile maneuver (right/right).
Emergency escape (left/left).
Wearing SCBA on your back will give you front-to-back profile of about:
Front-to-back profile of 18-20 inches may be too wide to allow you to pass through:
Between building wall and stair on fire escape
Between studs of a partition wall (16 in. on center)
Emergency escape maneuver is ________.
Extension of reduced profile maneuver
-in the past referred to as "quick-release maneuver"
Where to start search of fire floor vs floors above fire:
Fire floor: as close to fire as safe, work back towards entrance
Above fire floor: as soon as you enter floor area, progress towards fire
Those above fire are threatened by ______ while those in fire area are threatened by ________.
Both gases and fire
A key element of any strategic plan is: (Ch. 10)
Routes people normally use to enter and exit the structure:
Means through the MAIN door and up the MAIN interior stairway
If fire blocks the victims' escape route, that means:
It has also blocked our main approach route to other victims in bedrooms
Can't afford to have teams duplicating primary searches or searching where a victim would unlikely be. MOST CERTAIN way to do this is:
Assigning teams to different locations that must be covered as part of SOPs.
To indicate a room has been searched, talk about u-shaped mattress. Bad idea for 2 reasons:
mattress won't stay in u-shape
Mattress may cover victim
Instead of u-shape mattress, BETTER WAY to prevent duplicating search is: (better is not best)
-indicate room has been searched AND prevent door from closing
Closing doors between you and fire is normally a good idea, but only if:
You are certain of ANOTHER way out
Room of house to NEVER retreat into? Why?
Bathroom, Windows too small for escape.
Secondary search started after? Normally combined with?
Visible fire under control/conditions start to improve
Postcontrol overhaul phase
Two area occasionally overlooked during PRIMARY search:
Cribs and top level of bunk beds
When body overlooked, fire service has received not only ______ but also _______.
Bad press coverage
Threat of negligence suits
Ch. 10, search and rescue
- Generally, areas ________ don't warrant forcible entry unless they show signs of specific problems
Two or more floors BELOW the fire
* exception may be below-grade areas (CO settling)
Even at seemingly routine fires, you must search ____ of the areas above the fire and ____ of the accessible areas below it.
Another name for Guide rope?
- Search rope or Tag line?
Dimensions of guide rope:
1/4 or 3/8" rope (Kevlar), 200-300 ft stored compactly
(Guide ropes) Small-diameter rope for directional purposes. Need more than just a rope:
Some additional support equipment
Personnel trained in carrying out each step of the plan
(Guide rope) After attaching rope to a "substantial object on outside", member carrying remaining rope is designated as:
Anchor (who is partnered with officer)
Anchors job is to:
Ensure rope remains taut at all times
If you backtrack, anchor retrieves the rope
You should deploy a guide rope:
Any bldg where disorientation AND depletion of air supply are possible
-large area office bldgs, hospitals and schools - excellent candidates
-as are tunnels, ships and subways
When using guide rope, isn't necessary each member remains attached, instead as long as they maintain:
Physical, visual or voice contact
_____ appear black and ______ are plainly visible, since they appear to be white. Can detect as little as ______.
0.5F temperature difference
______ of victims are found in a couple key locations-bedrooms and exit paths- "_________________"
36%, 35%, and 10% victims are _________. Infants, invalids, and the like as well as those passed out from alcohol overdose fall into _________.
36%-died in sleep
35%-died while trying to escape
10%-unable to act
For bedrooms above the fire, should be reached by _______________ and the best way to do this is ________.
Doing an end run around the fire