Ch. 8 Forcible Entry Flashcards Preview

HOT > Ch. 8 Forcible Entry > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 8 Forcible Entry Deck (82):
1

The __________ will be the DECIDING FACTOR, since certain types are best opened using specific methods.

Type of door or the lock assembly

2

In almost all cases, the _____________________ should be consistent with the __________________.

Degree of danger posed by forcible entry
The danger and damage from the hazard, usually fire.

3

Regardless of the type of door, a few basic rules always apply. (4)

Try before you pry
Don't ignore the obvious
If possible, use the door that the occupants normally use to enter/exit the premises
Maintain the integrity of the door

4

Continue size-up as bldg comes into view. Determine: (3)

Location of fire
Any visible victims
Door to be used for entry (usually front)

5

Look at the locks. How many and where? This will tell you:

Where to place your tool

6

If no hinges available, then:
no hinges = stop the rabbits

Stop molding will be present OR
Frame will be rabbeted

7

Deciding factors for the most appropriate method of forcible entry: (4)

Need for speed
Type of door AND lock assemblies
Tools and personnel available (last factor/least concern)
Degree of damage entry will create

8

Cylinder farther from edge than 1-3 inches:

Serious attempts at security
- different method of attacking door
-- through the lock, power tools, hydraulic tools
-- look for easier way in

9

Pattern of ______ coming through the door indicates presence of _________, similar to those used by cavalry to lock front gates at forts.

Bolt heads (police="supporting bolts").
Drop-in bar

10

Halligan and flat-head: Most experienced person should be on the ________.

Halligan

11

When using pronounced bevel on fork (halligan), position fork so _______ curve is towards the door and _____ curve is toward the jamb.

Outer, Inner

12

Through-the-lock usually indicated by: (3)

-light fire condition
-specific types of doors OR
-specific types of locks

13

Narrow-stile door facts

Through the lock OR attack hinges (top first - adze), break glass/break push bar as last option.
A "stile" is the frame of a door
1 1/4 throw

14

Fox lock facts
(Commercial)

Readily identifiable.
Rectangular plate in center of door w/2 sets of supporting bolts.
-attack 3 bolts, leave on to swivel out of place
-top, bottom, top.
-use lock puller, Sunilla, or adze/claw of halligan (NO K-TOOL!).
-unlocked turns towards lower set. (Square).
-3/4 in. bars, as much as 2 in. into doorjamb

15

Through the lock used when:

Emergency of very minor nature
-police (usually not detectable)
-fox (plainly visible)
-pivoting deadbolt (plainly visible)

16

When NOT to use "through the lock":

Visibility seriously affected
-HFT is solution
*injuries when visibility is poor=conventional entry*

17

HFT advantages/disadvantages

Adv.
-speed
-less fatigue (more air/less injuries)
Disadv.
-damage

18

HFT Use
(8,000 psi/5 in claw/25 lb (old) 9 lb (new)

Solid door in steel jamb (inward doors).
Doesn't work well on doors that open out or flimsy/hollow doors in wood jambs (opt for conventional)

19

Rod size and jamb depth for Mul-T

1/2 in. in diameter and as much as 1 1/2 inches into jamb

20

Through the lock.
The real heart of the operation begins when?

Once the cylinder has been removed

21

The simplest type lock to conquer is the:

Rim lock

22

You encounter a SQUARE shaft instead of a flat shaft when you pull the cylinder, you have encountered a ______.

Police lock

23

4 wood screws and a 1/2 in. thick steel bar extending down to a recess in the floor

Police lock

24

Firefighters seem to have the most difficulty with these locks because of unfamiliarity.

Mortise lock

25

Little pear-shaped cam and limits area where it can work, only about 180 degrees of its path. Must use a key tool with a 90 degree bent end. What kind of lock?

Mortise

26

Mortise: The design of these cylinders results in their greatest force being in the _______________, from the _______ position is where the cylinder does work.

Straight down position.
5-7 o'clock position.

27

First step in attacking fox lock is to ____________.

Remove the shield that hides the lock cylinder

28

They are personnel multipliers and great firefighter safety devices

HFTs

29

In serious fire situations, ______ should be the OVERRIDING CONCERN.

Need for speed

29

HFTs works for (4)

Fox locks.
Mul-T-Lock.
Deadbolts.
Drop-in bars.
*NO POLICE*

31

HFT effective when a serious situation involves: (3)

Heavy smoke.
Rapidly spreading fire.
Personal risk.
*not to be used everyday*

32

Gates are classified as: (3)

Manual.
Mechanical.
Electrical.

33

_____ and _____ gates are the most common and simplest to force.

Manual.
Mechanical

34

If you find a Mul-T-lock engaged, you have three choices:

Find the key.
Find another way in.
Destroy the $2,000 door.

35

Where to cut on Mul-T-lock door?

Triangular-shaped hole in the lower half of the door, on the side between the lock cylinder and the doorknob

36

Mul-T-lock.
Often faster and less expensive to repair if you:

Break through a cement-block wall than if you force this type of door

37

Fastest means of gaining entry with Mul-T-lock?

Using circular saw with metal cutting blade

38

On a ________ gate, the raising/lowering chain is usually shielded by a piece of angle iron, secured by padlocks in addition to the locks on the gate itself.

Mechanical

39

On ________ gates, you must remove either the gate key or the slide bolt before you can open the gate.

Manual

40

Padlocks fall into two categories:

Low and high security

41

Padlocks.
Small bow (less than 1/4 in. in diameter) and are not case hardened.
They aren't usually found on security gates since they are easily forced.
May be cut easily with bolt cutters or you may force them with a halligan or a claw tool.

Low security padlocks

42

Bows of case-hardened steel at least 3/8 in. thick.
Usually a formidable hasp is welded to the frame.
Case-hardening (metal treating process) gives the steel great compressive strength.
Must use 36 in. cutters.
Power saws and cutting torches are highly effective.
Axe always starts

High-security
(Great compressive/poor shear strength)

43

Ways to split bow of padlock

Wedge.
Duckbill lock breaker.
Cut down miners pick.

44

Fastest means of forcing multiple locks is by using:

Power tools, either oxyacetylene or oxy-MAPP gas torch.
Circular saw with aluminum oxide blade

45

Any lock cut above _________ are best cut with a torch.

Shoulder height

46

Proper procedure for cutting metal with saw

Place blade in work and then slowly increase the rpm of the saw until it is operating in the cut.

47

____________ is a unique type lock, resembling a shiny steel hockey puck. The locking mechanism and hasp are entirely concealed behind the body of the lock. Pipe wrench and cheater bar or saw or torch for cutting lock (cut across, 2/3 of the height of the lock, away from key way)

American Lock 2000 gate lock

48

On gates, clutch can be found:

Second chain or cable hanging alongside the first

49

Two disadvantages to cutting metal gate/roll up doors

Takes longer to make 12 or 15 ft cuts than two or three locks.
Almost all cuts only open part of the door or gate

50

Gate/door.
Two conditions that usually indicate the need to cut the door:

Heavy fire conditions where it is important to get water on the fire.
A door that can't be readily opened by normal means.
(Mechanical override normally on inside of door)

51

Two style of cuts to cut doors/gates

Inverted V (teepee).
Three-cut method

52

What type of cut?
First cut at head height, diagonal.
Second cut at diagonal, don't overlap first.
Too small for access.
Limited ventilation

Inverted V

53

What type of cut?
Preferred method of cutting doors that you intend to enter.
First cut close to edge of door from max height.
Second cut, close to opposite edge.
Third cut in center, down about 2 feet

Three-cut method
*same amount of cuts as Inverted V, but guarantees larger area*

54

If the gate is _____________, you can slide out the remaining sections of slats

Surface mounted
(Surface Slide Section Slats)

55

With three-cut, hanging sections can bind. You can avoid this by:

Making additional short (2 foot) cuts approximately every 5 to 6 feet.

56

Structures differ from abandoned buildings in that they have an owner.
Protection from "urban miners".
Some of the most difficult forcible-entry and vent challenges.
Simplest is window covering with sheets of plywood held by 2 x 4 bracing on inside with 3/8 in. bolts.

HUD Windows

57

To defeat HUD Windows, attack:

Braces-striking, bottom first. Someone holding window.
Bolts-cutting with bolt cutters through 3/8 in. bolts

58

When cutting HUD Windows, 2 prerequisites to be safe and successful:

Steady platform to work from (not from ladder).
A way to prevent the covering from falling uncontrollably.

59

When using circular/chain saw on HUD Windows:

Metal cutting blade a45 degree angle to covering, slicing through bolts just behind the head.
If wood blade, triangular cuts completely around bolt head, cuts must overlap.
If chainsaw, vertical cut above top brace to below bottom brace.

60

Variations of HUD Windows

Sheet metal cladding (earliest)-circular saw, no chainsaw.
Stucco covering (worse)-no chainsaw.
Vacant property security (VPS) system (newest)-plastic sheeting or lexan, metal-cutting saw, 40 lbs each

61

Burns at more than 5,000F.
Special hollow steel rod that burns while pressurized with pure oxygen.
Cuts through heavy steel bar, large I-beams, train rails or 1/2 in. (or thicker) plate.
Throws a large jet of sparks and flame on downstream side.

Exothermic torch or burning bar

62

Best way into locked building is:

By using the key

63

Keys arranged in duplicate on different locks on different doors.
Must be manipulated in series

Series locks

64

Locks that engage the jamb ________ or ________ are great challenges to conventional forcible entry.

More than 1 in.
At multiple points

65

Once the cylinder is removed, the first step is to ___________.

Pick up the cylinder and examine it.
This will indicate the TYPE of lock you are facing, which TOOL to use next and even WHERE to use it

66

Most efficient way to remove lock cylinders is to use:

The K-tool

67

When breaching inward opening door with forcible-entry tool, place the tool:

Nearly parallel to the door at about a 15-20 degree angle from the door

68

The halligan provides _______ of getting a bite on the work.

Four different means

69

Conventional forcible entry is often called:

The brute force method

70

Thinking persons forcible entry

Through-the-lock

71

Use back of wrist to test door. Two advantages:

Speed-don't have to stop and put your glove back on.
Exposing a nonessential part of your body

72

Forcible entry size up begins:

With alarm information
*time of day often indicates the need for forcible entry*

73

Type of occupancy can also tell you:

Which way the doors open
99% residential open inward, opposite for comm'l and places of assembly

74

When going into class 1 buildings, the axe can be replaced by:

8 or 10 lb sledgehammer

75

When confronted with forcible entry, consider following factors:

Need for speed (serious situations-overriding concern).
Type of door and lock assemblies (deciding factor).
Tools and personnel available (least concern).
Degree of damage that entry will create (consistent with degree of danger).

76

When forcing a door inward, the wedge will spread the door but the task remains of pushing the door. This is usually possible when the fork end has been driven in ________ past the end of the door.

1 or 2 in. past the end of the door

77

When forcing an inward door, beside with the claw end, it is sometimes useful to use the _________ between the door and the jamb. Then pushed the forked end towards __________.

Adze end.
The door

78

Controlling the door: (3)

Hose strap.
Short piece of rope.
Simply holding the doorknob.

79

Inward opening doors.
If you are forced to breach the hinges, you should start with the __________

Top one first

80

Although many locks are __________ with complex arrangements, a locks key cylinders are ____________.

Sophisticated devices.
Very simple mechanical devices

81

Mul-T-Lock.
May only have secondary lock as security.
How to check?
Only secondary, then what?

Knife blade or credit card under to feel for bottom rod.
If no rod, attack secondary conventionally or through-the-lock.

82

Key tools duplicate the action of _____________.

The back of the lock cylinder