ch 102 History, Rank Structure, and Courtesies fundamentals Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ch 102 History, Rank Structure, and Courtesies fundamentals Deck (90)
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1

When was the marine corps created?

10 November 1775

2

How many battalions were raised when the USMC was created?

2

3

Who is the first Commandant of the USMC?

Captain Samuel Nicholas

4

What year did the USMC come under the department of the navy?

1834

5

The National Security Act of ____, amended in ____ state the present structure of the USMC?

1947
1952

6

Where was the USMC created?

Tun Tavern Philadelphia Pennsylvania

7

When did the first Marine landing take place?

1776

8

In what war did the first Marine landing take place?

Revolutionary war

9

Where did Marines invade during the their first landing?

New Providence Island in the Bahamas

10

What event in USMC history lead to the nick name leatherneck?

First landing at New Providence Island, uniform of the day had stiff leather stock

11

What year did marines storm the barbary pirates stronghold at Burma?

1805

12

When did the Marines first raise the Stars and Stripes in the eastern hemisphere?

1805, Burma on the shores of Tripoli

13

What year did the Marines occupy the Halls of Montezuma?

1847

14

During what battle did the Marines occupy the Halls of Montezuma?

Battle of Chapultepec

15

Under Who's command did the Marines storm Harper's Ferry?

Colonel Robert E. Lee

16

What year did the Marines Storm Harpers Ferry?

1859

17

Who did the Marines put down at Harpers Ferry?

Slave revolt led by abolitionist John Brown

18

What year did the USMC adopted the EGA?

1868

19

Who was the Commandant responsible for the USMC the design of the EGA?

Brigadier General Jacob Zelin, 7th Commandant

20

What does the globe and anchor of the USMC emblem signify?

Worldwide service and sea traditions

21

What is the Spread Eagle on the USMC emblem a symbol of?

The Nation itself

22

What year did Semper Fidelis become the official motto of the USMC?

1883

23

What year did Marines from ships on the Asiatic station defend the American Legation in Peking China?

1900

24

What conflict was happening in China in 1900?

Boxer Rebellion

25

What year did the USMC establish its aviation unit?

1913

26

Who was the first pilot in the USMC?

Major Alfred A. Cunningham

27

What year did Marines land in France ?

1917

28

What Units still wear the French Fourragere?

5th and 6th Marines,

29

When was the Marine Corps reorganized into the Fleet Marine Force?

1933

30

When and where was the Marine Corps Equipment Board established?

1933 in Quantico Virginia