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Flashcards in Ch. 106 First Aid Deck (34)
1

What is CLASS 1 Tactical Triage (WIDE) is?

-"Walking wounded"
-injuries require minor treatment

2

What is CLASS 2 Tactical Triage?

-"IMMEDIATE"
-injures require immediate life-sustaining measure
-require a min amount of time,personnel,and supplies

3

What is CLASS 3 Tactical Triage?

-"DELAYED"
-treatment delayed without jeopardy to life or loss of limb

4

What is CLASS 4 Tactical Triage?

-"Expectant"
-requires extensive treatment beyond immediate medical capabilities

5

PRIORITY 1 & 2 for Non-Tactical is?

(1) correctable life threatening injures EX. open chest, femur fractures, respiratory arrest
(2)-Serious but non-life-threatening
-moderate blood loss
-open/multi FX
-eye injuries

6

PRIORITY 3 Non-Tactical is?

-Minor Injuries
-simple FX
-minor/moderate burns

7

PRIORITY 4 Non-Tactical is?

-Dead or Fatally injured
-exposed brain matter
-decapitattion
-incineration

8

What is a Primary Survey?

-detect/treat life-threatening injuries,require immediate care
-treat as u go process
-ABCDE
-transport decision completed within 10 mins of arrival on the scene

9

What does Triage means?

-"to sort"

10

What is a Secondary Survey?

-complete detail assessment
-vital signs
-head to toe survey

11

What are the Signs/SX for Shock?

-Glassy eyes/dull/pupils dilated
-Breathing rapid or labored/gasping/air hunger
-Advanced stage breathing shallow/irregular
-Skin pale/ashen grey
-Skin cool clammy
-Pulse rapid,weak,thread
-Hemorrhagic shock pulse 140 or higher
-Neurogenic shock pulse below 60
-Systolic below 100,pulse rises above 100

12

What is the 9 First Aid Rules?

Organize,Exam,ABC's,Deformities,Expose,Psyche,PPE, Recovery Position,Exit

13

What are the Signs/Symptoms of Heat Cramps?

-Excessive sweating result in painful cramps in muscles (ab,legs,arms)
-Also from drinking ice drinks to quickly after exercise

14

What is the treatment for Heat Cramps?

-Move victim to cool place
-Give plenty of water,add 1 tsp of salt to a liter/quart of water
-manual pressure to cramped muscles

15

What is the Signs/Symptoms of Heat Exhaustion?

-From working/exercising in hot environments
-Dizzy, weak,headache,nausea, and loss of appetite
-Dilated pupils,weak pulse,rapid, shallow breathing

16

What is the treatment for Heat Exhaustion?

-Move to cool place
-Loosen clothing
-Apply wet cloths to the head,axilla,groin, ankles
-Fan victim
-Give 1 tsp of salt in a liter of cool water

17

What is the Signs/Symptoms of Heat Stroke?

-20% MORTALITY RATE
-high body temp (105 Deg)
-Stops sweating
-Deep/rapid breathing at first
-Shallow/almost absent later
-Pupils constricted
-Pulse strong/fast
-Life/death emergency

18

What is the treatment for Heat Stroke?

-Douse body with COLD water
-Apply wet/cold towels to the body
-Move to the coolest place
-maintain open airway
-Supine w/ head/shoulders slightly raised
-Place cold pack under arms,neck,ankles,groin
-Discontinue when temp reaches 102 deg F
-Repeat cooling if temp reaches 103 deg F
-Check temp every 10 mins
-Get medical help ASAP

19

What is the Signs/Symptoms of Hypothermia?

-Shivering, drowsiness, glassy stare, resp slow/shallow, pulse weak or absent

20

What is the treatment for Hypothermia?

-CPR may be required during warming process
-Remove wet/frozen clothing
-Remove constricting items
-If Conscious, inside of a warm place,immersion in tub of warm (100-105 deg water)
-Apply external heat to both sides of body

21

What is the Signs/Symptoms of Immersion Foot?

-Prolonged exposure to wet cold temps from just above freezing to 5 deg
-Limited motion
-Tingling/Numbness
-Swelling of legs, feet, and hands
-Bluish discoloration of skin
-Painful Blisters
-Gangrene may occur

22

What is the treatment for Immersion Foot?

-get victim off feet
-Remove wet shoes,socks,gloves
-Expose affected area to warm/dry air
-Keep victim warm
-DO NOT rupture blisters,apply salves,ointments

23

What is the Signs/Symptoms of Frostbite?

-Ice crystals from on skin or deeper tissues
-Exposure to temps of 32 deg or lower
-Common in the face/extremities
-Frozen extremity appears white,yellow-white, mottled blue-white
-Cold,hard, insensitive to touch/pressure

24

What is the treatment of Frostbite?

-Take victim indoors
-Rewarm hand by place under armpits against abs, or between legs
-gradually re-warm by warm water immersion,skin to skin contact, or hot bottles
-Never rub frostbite area

25

What is the Signs/Symptoms of Superficial Frostbite?

-Surface of skin will feel hard/underlying tissue soft
-Skin moves over bony ridges

26

What is the treatment for Superficial Frostbite?

-Take victim indoors
--Rewarm hand by place under armpits against abs, or between legs
-gradually re-warm by warm water immersion,skin to skin contact, or hot bottles
-Never rub frostbite area

27

What is the Signs and Symptoms of Deep Frostbite?

-Reaches into deep tissue layers
-Ice crystals in the entire thickness of extremity
-Skin will not move over bony ridges,hard and solid

28

What is the treatment for Deep Frostbite?

-Protect frozen area from further injury
-Rapidly thaw affected area
-DO NOT THAW IF THERE IS A POSSIBILITY OF REFREEZING
-Be prepared for CPR
-Remove all constricting clothing
-Immerse in water at 100-105 deg
-Do not let frozen area rest on side or bottom of the tub
-Dry with soft towel
-Blister may develop

29

What are the 3 ways to purify water?

-Iodine tables, Calcium Hypochlorite, and Boiling

30

How do u use Iodine Tablets?

-Remove cap from canteen and fill with cleanest water available
-Put 1 tablet in clean water of canteen/double if a 2 quart canteen
-Replace cap and wait 5 mins
-Loosen cap and tip canteen over to allow leakage around canteen threads.
-Tighten cap and wait 25 mins before drinking

31

How do u use Calcium Hypochlorite?

-Add Calcium Hypochlorite from one ampule in half full canteen cup and stir w/stick until power is dissolved
-Leave 1 inch of airspace or more
-Than fill cap half full of solution and add the water
-Place cap on canteen,shake well
-Loosen cap/tip canteen for leakage around threads
-Tighten cap,wait 30 mins before using for cooking/drinking

32

How do Boiling water for drinking?

-Used when purification compounds are unavailable
-Disadvantages: fuel to boil water
-takes awhile to boil than cool
-needs protection against recontamination
-Must be boiled for at least 15 sec for safe drinking

33

What is the size of a Cat Hole?

-1ft wide x 1ft deep
-Used on the march

34

What is the size of a Straddle Trench?

-4ft long x 2 1/2 ft deep x 1ft wide
-Used for 1-3 days of bivouac sites