Flashcards in Ch 112 Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical (NBC) Defense Fundamentals Deck (68)
What does NATO stand for?
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
What does NBC stand for?
Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical
What are the colors of the Chemical warning sign? And what info is on the sign?
Yellow background w/red lettering. Name of agent(if Known) Date and Time of detection.
What are the colors of the Biological warning sign?
And what info is on the sign?
Blue background w/red lettering. Name of agent (if Known) Date and time of detection?
What are the colors of the Radiological warning sign? And what info is on the sign?
White background w/black lettering. Dose rate, Date and Time of reading, Date and Time of Burst
What colors are the Chemical Minefield (Unexploded mines) warning sign? And what info is on the sign?
Red background w/ yellow lettering and stripe. Chemical agent in mine, Date of Placement, and have front of sign facing away from minefield.
What is the M40 field protective mask?
To protect the wearer from field concentrations of chemical and biological agents.
What does the M40 mask consists of?
Faceblank, filter canister, dual voicemitter assemblies, inlet and oulet valves, and water drinking system
What are the NBC alarms? And what describe each?
Vocal (GAS-GAS-GAS) repeated x3
Visual - arms extended out straight out to the side and the hands made into a fist. Bend arms at the elbows so the fists are placed to the ears. and say GAS x3
Percussion (Metal on Metal) Sirens and intermittent horns, biological/chemical alarm system are used by units SOP's
How do u properly don and clear a gas mask?
Upon receiving a contamination presence.
-Stop breathing. Close mouth and eyes
-Place rifle between legs.
-Remove headgear and place on weapon.
-Remove the mask from carrier
-Allow hood to hang down in front of mask.
-Put mask on and clear it by covering outlet valve w/palm.
-Exhale so air escapes and cover air inlet valve w/palm and breathe in.
-Facepiece will collapse
-Tighten check straps first and then the rest
How long should it take it don mask?
Donned, cleared, and sealed in 9 seconds. W/hood 15 seconds
What does MOPP stand for?
Mission Oriented Protective Posture
How many levels of MOPP are there?
6 - MOPP Ready thru MOPP 4
What is MOPP Ready?
When a Marine carries protective mask.
What is MOPP 0?
When a Marine has all MOPP gear available but is not wearing it.
What is MOPP 1?
Overgarment (worn open of closed)
What is MOPP 2?
Overgarment (worn open of closed)
What is MOPP 3?
Overgarments (worn open of closed)
Mask (Worn w/ hood open of closed)
What is MOPP 4?
What is M8 and M9 paper?
Used to detect chemical agents.
Takes only seconds to detect agents.
How long does the M256A1 take to detect agents?
Disadvantages of M8 and M9 paper over M256A1 Kit?
Inability to test for vapor hazards and limited number of agents detected.
Describe M9 paper?
-Issued 1 roll to squad or gun team
-Worn around ankles,wrist, and biceps
-to detect chemical agent, but will not identify the agent used
-Blot do not rub, on suspected liquids
-observe color change
-light pink-reddish brown, or violet tint when contaminated
Describe M8 paper?
-Issued w/ field protective mask and M256A1 kit
-Used on suspected liquid forms like: puddles,small drops, or barley visible droplets
What agents will M8 paper detect and the colors for agents?
-Nerve (Yellow,Gold) G
-Nerve (Dark Green) V
-Blister (Pink,Red) H
What are the 3 levels of decontamination?
Describe Immediate Decon?
-Skin Decon (before 1 min)
-Personal wipe down/operator spray down (within 15 mins)
-Individual or crew
-Stops agents from pentrating
Describe Operational Decon?
-MOPP gear exchange/Vehicle Wash down
-Within 6 hrs
-Unit, BN crew, decon PLT
-Temp relief from MOPP 4, Limit liquid agent spread
Describe Thorough Decon?
-Detailed Aircraft/Equipment, and Troop Decon
-Only when mission allows action
-Decon PLT or Unit
-Long term MOPP reduction w/ minimum risk