Ch 18 Endocrine System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch 18 Endocrine System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 18 Endocrine System Deck (26):
1

pancreas
hyperinsulinism

excess insulin produced by pancreas

2

pancreas
hyposecretion

diabetes mellitus

3

type one diabetes

childhood onset

4

type two diabetes

adult onset

5

parathyroid
hypersecretion

loss of bone density
kidney stones
hypercalcemia

6

parathyroid
hyposecretion

muscle and nerve weakness
tetany
hypocalcemia

7

goider

enlargement of the thyroid

8

thyroid gland
hypersecretion

Graves' disease

9

oxy-

rapid, sharp, acid

10

-in, -ine

a substance

11

-tropin

stimulating the function of

12

somat/o

body

13

phys/o

growing

14

adreneline

secreted by the adrenal medulla

15

androgen

male hormone secreted by the testes and adrenal cortex

16

calcitonin

secreted by the thyroid gland

17

cortisol

secreted by the adrenal cortex; incr. blood sugar

18

hypothalamus

controls secretions of the pituitary by releasing hormones

19

insulin

lowers blood sugar

20

glucagon

raises blood sugar

21

function of pancreas

promotes movement of glucose into cells and storage as glycogen

22

pancreas is a ____________ and __________ _________

exocrine, endocrine gland

23

parathyroid hormone

increases blood calcium

24

thyroid function

aid cells in their uptake of oxygen and regulate metabolic rate

25

endocrine glands

secrete their hormone directly into bloodstream

26

exocrine glands

send chemical substances via ducts to the outside of body