Ch 13 Blood System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch 13 Blood System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 13 Blood System Deck (31):
1

hematopoietic stem cell transplant

peripheral stem cells from a compatible donor administered into a recipient's vein

2

multiple myeloma

malignant neoplasm of bone marrow

3

granulocytosis

abnormal increase in granulocytes in the blood

4

mononucleousis

infectious disease marked by increased numbers of mononuclear luekocytes and enlarged cervical lymph

5

leukemia

an increased in cancerous white blood cells

6

purpura

multiple pinpoint hemorrhages and accumulation of blood under the skin

7

hemophilia

excessive bleeding caused by the lack of one of the protein substances necessary for blood clotting

8

sickle cell

hereditary disorder of abnormal hemoglobin producing sickle shape RBC and hemolysis

9

thalassemia

inherited defect in the ability to produce hemoglobin

10

hemochromatosis

excess iron deposits throughout the body

11

polycythemia vera

increase in red blood cells

12

aplastic anemia

failure of blood cell production

13

hemolytic anemia

reduction in red cells due to excessive destruction

14

pernicious anemia

lack of mature RBC cause by inability to absorb B12

15

anemia

deficiency in RBC or hemoglobin

16

eosin/o

red, dawn, rosy

17

thrombin

enzyme that converts fibrinogen to fibrin during coagulation

18

thrombocytes

platelets

19

stem cell

unspecialized cell that gives rise to mature

20

reticulocyte

immature erythrocyte

21

Rh factor

antigen on RBC of Rh-positive individuals

22

serum

plasma minus clotting proteins and cells

23

prothrombin

plasma protein

24

neutrophil

granulocytic leukocyte formed in bone marrow

25

heparin

anticoagulant found in blood and tissue cells

26

eosinophil

WBC that contains granules that stain red

27

erythroblast

immature red blood cell

28

erythrocyte

RBC

29

basophil

WBC that contains granules that stain blue

30

bilirubin

orange-yellow pigment in bile

31

albumin

protein in the blood; maintains proper amount of water