pathology of digestive system Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > pathology of digestive system > Flashcards

Flashcards in pathology of digestive system Deck (38):
1

-stomy

combining forms for organs
surgical creation of an opening between those organs inside body

2

anorexia

lack of appetite

3

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

4

Borborygmus

rumbling noise produced by gas movement

5

Constipation

difficulty passing stool

6

Diarrhea

frequent passage loose stool

7

Dysphagia

difficulty swallowing

8

Eructation

Burp

9

Flatus

Fart

10

Hematochezia

passage of fresh, bright red blood in rectum

11

Jaundice

yellow coloration of skin caused by high levels of bilirubin

12

melena

black, feces containing digested blood

13

Nausea

unpleasent sensation in the stomach associated with vomit

14

Steatorrhea

fat in feces

15

esophageal cancer

malignant tumor of the esophagus

16

Esophageal varices

swollen, varicose veins at the lower end of the esophagus

17

Gastric carcinoma

malignant tumor of the stomach

18

gastroesophageal reflux disease

solids and fluids return to the mouth from the stomach

19

peptic ulcer

open sore or lesion of the mucous membrane of the stomach or duodenum

20

hernia

protrusion of an organ

21

anal fistula

abnormal tube-like passageway or part through the muscle normally containing it near the anus

22

Colonic Polyposis

polyps protrude from the mucous membrane of the colon

23

colorectal cancer

adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum or both

24

Crohn disease

chronic inflammation of th eintestinal tract

25

Diverticulosis

abnormal side pockets in the intestinal wall

26

Dysentery

painful, inflamed intestines

27

hemorrhoids

swollen, twisted, varicose veins in the rectal region

28

Ileus

failure of the peristalsis with resulting obstruction of the intestines

29

Inflammatory bowel disease

inflammation of the colon and small intestine

30

intussusception

telescoping of the intestines

31

IBS

irritable bowel syndrome

32

ulcerative colitis

chronic inflammation of the colon with the presence of ulcers

33

volvulus

twisting of the intestine itself

34

Cirhosis

chronic degenerative disease of the liver

35

pancreatic cancer

malignant tumor of the pancreas

36

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

37

viral hepatitis

inflammation of the liver caused by a virus

38

cholelithiasis

gallstones in the gallbladder