Ch. 10 Nervous system Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch. 10 Nervous system > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 10 Nervous system Deck (47):
1

CNS

central nervous system
- brain
- spinal cord

2

PNS

peripheral nervous system

3

sympathetic nerves is used when ....

the body is under stress

4

parasympathetic nerves cause ...

slow heart rate
lower blood pressure

5

ANS

autonomic nervous system

6

neuron

individual nerve cell

7

ganglia

small clusters of nerve cell bodies

8

cerebrum

largest section of the brain
manages speech, vision, smell, movement hearing and thought

9

cerebellum

coordinates voluntary movement
maintains balance

10

thalamus

integrates and monitors impulses from skin (pain)

11

hypothalamus

controls body temp, sleep, appetite, sexual desire and emotion

12

brainstem

pons
medulla oblongata

13

pons

bridges the cerebrum and cerebellum with the rest of the brain
houses nerves for the face and eyes

14

medulla oblongata

connects spinal cord to the brain
regulates blood vessels, heart, respiratory system

15

cerebell/o

cerebellum

16

cerebr/o

cerebrum

17

dur/o

dura mater

18

encephal/o

brain

19

mening/o

membranes

20

meningi/o

meninges

21

radicul/o

nerve root

22

thalam/o

thalamus

23

esthesi/o

feeling, nerve sensation

24

kines/o

movement

25

-paresis

slight paralysis

26

-phasia

speech

27

-plegia

paralysis

28

cerebral concussion

temporary brain dysfunction after injury

29

cerebral contusion

bruising of brain tissue through direct trauma to the head
associated with skull fracture as well as edema

30

cerebrovascular accident (CVA)
3 types

thrombotic
embolic
hemorrhagic

31

thrombotic

a blood clot in an artery leaving the brain

32

embolic

a dislodged clot that travels to the cerebral arteries

33

hemorrhagic

a blood vessel, such as the cerebral artery, breaks and bleeding occurs

34

migraine

a severe, recurring, unilateral, vascular headache

35

alges/o

sensitivity to pain

36

angi/o

vessel, blood

37

cephal/o

head

38

cerebell/o

cerebellum

39

cerebro/o

cerebrum

40

crani/o

skull

41

dur/o

dura mater

42

esthesi/o

nervous sensation

43

mening/o

membranes

44

pont/o

pons

45

radicul/o

nerve roots

46

spin/o

spine

47

thalam/o

thalamus