Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System Deck (49):
1

Another name for the digestive system

Gastrointestinal system

2

4 main function of system

Ingestion Digestion Absorp[tion Elimination

3

Defn: Ingestion

food material taken in mouth

4

Defn: Digestion

Food broken down mechanically, chemically

5

amino acids break down ____________

proteins

6

sugars are broken down by ___________

glucose

7

Fatty Acids break down_____________

fats

8

Where/how does Absorption occur ?

small intestine, nutrients pass into bld stream, where its burned for energy

9

what is Elimination?

The body eliminates solid waste materials that cannot be absorbed into bloodstream.

10

Where does the digestive system begin?

the mouth

11

name 3 salivary glands

parotid

sublingual

submandibular

A_image_thumb

A image thumb
12

Name the top part of the stomach

Fundus

A_image_thumb

A image thumb
13

Name the lower part of the stomach

Antrum

A_image_thumb

A image thumb
14

the name of the sphincter right before the Duodenum

Pyloric Sphincter

 

A image thumb
15

Products of the liver

Q image thumb

bile

bilirubin

16

Functions of the liver

maintain blood glucose levels

makes blood proteins necessary for clotting

removes toxins and poisons from blood

17

The pancrease secretes ________  into the bloodstream. 

insulin 

 

18

The pancreas secretes ________ into the duodenum for digestion.

Enzymes

19

first part of the large intestine

Cecum

20

Defn: Deglutition

swallowing

21

Defn: Amylase

enzyme secreted by pancreas and salivary gland to digest starch

22

Defn: Appendix

blind pouch hanging from the cecum

23

Defn: Bile

Digestive juice made in liver 

stored in gullbladder

breaks up fats

24

bilirubin

Pigment released by the liver in bile

25

Defn: bowel

intestines

26

Defn: Canine teeth

pointed, next to incisors

27

Defn: colon

Large intestine

28

Defn: Common Bile duct/choledochus

carries bile from liver and gullbladder to the duodenum 

29

Defn: dentin

primary material found in teeth

30

duodenum

first part of small intestine

31

Enamel

hard, outermost layer of tooth

32

glycogen

starch; glucose is stored in the form of glycogen in liver

33

Hydrochloric Acid
HCl

produced in the stomach

34

ileum

third part of the small intestine

35

incisor

one of four front teeth in dental arch

36

insulin

hormone produced by endocrine cells of the pancreas

transports sugar from blood into cells 

stimulates glycogen formation

37

jejunum

second part of small intestine

38

Lipase

pancreatic enzyme needed to digest fats

39

Lower esophageal sphincter (LES)

ring of muscles between the esophagus and the stomach

40

Mastication

chewing

41

palate

roof of the mouth

42

papillae

nipple-like elevations on the tongue

43

portal vein

large vein bringing blood to the liver from intestines

44

protease

enzyme that digest protein

45

rugae

ridges on the hard palate and the wall of the stomach

46

sigmoid colon

fourth, last, s-shaped segment of the colon

47

triglycerides

fat molecule

48

villi

projections in the wall of the small intestine 

49