Urinary System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Urinary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary System Deck (49):
1

Function of Kidney

filter nitrogenous wastes to to form urine
maintain balance of water, electrolyte and acids
Releases hormones

2

Hormones produced by kidney

Renin
Erythropoietin
Calciferol

3

Renin

enzymatic hormone important in adjusting blood pressure

4

Erythropoietin

hormone that stimulates red blood cell production in the bone marrow

5

calciferol

active form of vitamin D necessary for the absorption of calcium from the intestine

6

voiding

urination

7

calyx or calix

cuplike collecting region of the renal pelvis

8

catheter

tube for injection or removing fluids

9

cortex

outer region of an organ

10

creatine

nitrogenous waste excreted in urine

11

electrolyte

chemical element that carries an electrical charge when dissolved in water

12

erythropoietin

Hormones secreted by the kidney to stimulate production of RBC by bone marrow

13

-poietin

substance that forms

14

meatus

opening or canal

15

medulla

inner region of an organ

16

nitrogenous waste

substance containing nitrogen and excreted in urine

17

renal artery

blood vessel that carries blood to the kidney

18

renal pelvis

central collection region in the kidney

19

renal tubules

microscopic tubes in the kidney where urine is formed after filtration

20

renal vein

blood vessel that carries blood away from the kidney

21

trigone

triangular area in the urinary bladder

22

urea

major nitrogenous waste excreted in urine

23

ureter

one of two tubes leading from the kidneys to the urinary bladder

24

urethra

tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body

25

uric acid

nitrogenous waste product excreted in the urine

26

urinary bladder

hollow, muscular sac that holds and stores urine

27

glomerul/o

glomerulus

28

meat/o

meatus

29

pyel/o

renal pelvis

30

trigon/o

trigone

31

ureter/o

ureter

32

urethr/o

urethra

33

vesic/o

urinary bladder

34

albumin/o

albumin

35

azot/o

nitrogen

36

bacteri/o

bacteria

37

dips/o

thirst

38

kal/o

potassium

39

ket/o, keton/o

ketone bodies

40

lith/o

stone

41

natr/o

sodium

42

noct/o

night

43

olig/o

scanty

44

py/o

pus

45

-tripsy

to crush

46

ur/o

urea

47

-uria

urination

48

urin/o

urine

49

BUN

blood urea nitrogen