Ch 19 Oncology Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Ch 19 Oncology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 19 Oncology Deck (23):
1

solid tumor

tumor composed of a mass of cells

2

staging tumors

system of evaluating the extent of spread of tumors

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remission

partial or complete disappearance of symptoms of disease

4

sarcoma

cancerous tumor derived from connective or flesh tissue

5

palliative

relieving but not curing symptoms

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pedunculated

possessing a stem or stalk

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radiation

energy carried by a stream of particles

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relapse

recurrence of tumor after treatment

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oncogene

region of DNA in tumor cells or in viruses that causes cancer

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neoplasm

new growth

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mutation

change in DNA

12

irradiation

exposure to any form of radiant energy such as light , heat or xrays

13

malignant tumor

tumor with continuous growth, invasive and metastasis

14

metastasis

spread of a malignant tumor to a secondary site

15

grading tumors

evaluating the degree of maturity of tumor cells

16

infiltrative

extending beyond normal tissue boundaries into adjacent tissues

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differentiating agents

specialization of cells

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encapsulated

surrounded by a capsule (benign tumors)

19

carcinogens

agents that cause cancer

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carcinoma

cancerous tumor made up of cells of epithelial origin

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chemotherapy

treatment with drugs

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anaplasia

loss of differentiation of cells

23

benign tumor

noncancerous growth