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Flashcards in Ch 2 Terms Deck (18):
1

Oligarchy

A system of government in which power is concentrated in the hands of a few people

2

Democracy

A system of government in which the people rule, either directly or indirectly

3

Procedural democratic theory

A view of democracy as being embodied in a decision making process that involves universal participation, political equality, majority rule, and responsiveness

4

Universal participation

The concept that everyone in a democracy should participate in government decision making

5

Political equality

Equality in political decision making: one vote per person with all votes counted equally

6

Majority rule

Democratic theory that the decision making of a group must reflect the preference of more than half of those participating

7

Participation democracy

A system of government where rank and file citizens rule themselves rather than electing representatives to govern on their behalf

8

E-government

Online communication channels that enable citizens to obtain info from government and facilitate the expression of opinions to government officials

9

Representative democracy

Where citizens elect a public officials to govern on their behalf

10

Responsiveness

A principal necessitated by representative government that implies that elected representatives should do what the majority of people wants

11

Substantive democratic theory

The view that democracy is embodied in the substance of government polices rather than in the policy making procedure

12

Minority rights

The benefits of government that can not be denied to any citizen by majority decisions

13

Majoritarian model of democracy

The classical theory of democracy in which government by the people is interpreted as government by the majority of the people

14

Interest groups

An organized group of individuals that seeks to influence public policy also called lobby

15

Pluralist model of democracy

An interpretation of democracy in which government by the people is taken to mean government by people operating though competing interest groups

16

Elite theory

The view that a small group of people actually makes most of the important government decisions

17

Democratization

A process of transition as a country attempts to move from an authoritarian form of government to a democratic one

18

Autocracy

A system of government in which power to govern is concentrated in the hands of one individual