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Flashcards in Ch 3 Terms Deck (22):
1

Prevent the national government from tampering with fundamental rights and civil liberties, and emphasize the limited character of national power

Bill of rights

2

A gov structure that gives each branch some scrutiny of and control over the other branches

Checks and balances

3

A loose association of independent states that agree to cooperate on specified matters

Confederation

4

A body of electors chosen by voters to cash ballots for president and Vice President

Electoral college

5

Th powers explicitly granted to congress by the constitution

Enumerated powers

6

The law enforcing branch of gov

Executive branch

7

A majority greater than the minimum of 50 percent plus one

Extraordinary majority

8

The division of power between a central government and regional governments

Federalism

9

A plan calling for a bicameral legislature in which the House of Representatives would be apportioned according to population and the states would be represented equally in the senate

Great compromise

10

Those powers that congress needs to execute its enumerated powers

Implied powers

11

The law interpreting branch of government

Judicial branch

12

The power to declare congressional and presidential acts invalid because they violate the constitution

Judicial review

13

The law making branch of gov

Legislative branch

14

The last clause of section 8 of article 1 of the constitution, which gives congress the means to execute its enumerated powers. This clause is the basis for confess implied powers

Necessary and proper clause

15

Submitted by the head of the New Jersey delegation to the constitutional convention of 1787, a set of nine resolutions that would have, in effect, preserve the articles of confederation by amending rather than replacing them

New Jersey plan

16

A government without a monarch; a government rooted in the consent of the governed, whose power is exercised by elected representatives responsible to the governed

Republic

17

A form of government in which power resides in the people and is exercised by their elected representatives

Republicanism

18

The assignment of lawmaking, law enforcing, and law interpreting functions to separate branches of government

Separation of powers

19

The belief that the people agree to set up rulers for a certain purposes and thus have the right to resist or remove rulers who act against those purposes

Social contract theory

20

The clause in article VI of the constitution that asserts that national laws take precedence over state and local laws when they conflict

Supremacy clause

21

A set of proposals that included separation of the government into three branches, division of the legislature into two houses, and proportional representation in the legislature

Virginia plan

22

The compact among the thirteen original states that established the first government of the United States

Articles of confederations