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Flashcards in Ch 3 review exercises Deck (123):
1

A common name for the tarsus is the ...?

hock

2

The _____ joints are the freely movable joints of the body?

synovial

3

The correct order of the vertebral segments is ..?

cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, and coccygeal

4

The digits contain bones that are called ...?

phalanges

5

Components of the axial skeleton include..?

skull, auditory ossicles, hyoid, vertebrae, ribs, and sternum

6

Another term for growth plate is...?

physis

7

Bones of the front limb include...?

humerus, radius, ulna, carpal, metacarpal, and phalanges

8

Rectus means?

straight

9

Muscles may be classified as..?

voluntary, involuntary, cardiac

10

A term for when a muscle becomes shorter and thicker is ...?

contraction

11

Levator muscles ____ a body part.

raise

12

A fibrous band of connective tissue that connects muscle to bone is ...?

tendon

13

Looseness is called...?

laxity

14

Protrusion of a body part through tissues that normally contain it is called a...?

hernia

15

Surgical removal of a muscle or part of a muscle is called...?

myectomy

16

Abnormal condition or disease of muscle is called..?

myopathy

17

Which term describes a shaft of a long bone?

diaphysis

18

The tarsal bones are found in the...?

hock

19

The manubrium is the...?

cranial portion of the sternum

20

Which term describes the freely movable joints of the body?

diarthroses

21

The opening in a bone through which blood vessels nerves, and ligaments pass is a...?

foramen

22

The acetabulum is commonly called the...?

hip socket

23

Muscles located above the pelvic axis are called?

epaxial muscles

24

Muscles under voluntary control are know as ...?

skeletal

25

Minimus is to maximus as...?

minor is to major

26

A muscle that bends a limb at its joint or decreases the joint angle is called...?

flexor

27

A ______ is a curved fibrous cartilage found in some synovial joints.

meniscus

28

Connections between two bones are called _____ or _______.

joints or articulations

29

The caudal portion of the sternum is called the _______ _______

xyphoid process

30

An _______ is removal of all or part of a limb or body part

amputation

31

A _______ is a piece of dead bone that is partially or fully detached from the surrounding healthy bone.

sequestrum

32

Inward curvature of a bone is called ...?

kyphosis

33

Visual examination of the internal structure of a joint using a fiberoptic instruments is ______

arthroscopy

34

______is loss of mobility of a joint.

Ankylosis

35

______ is abnormal softening of cartilage.

Chondromalacia

36

A muscle that straightens a limb at a joint is called ?

extensors

37

An _____ is a band of fibers that holds structures together in an abnormal fashion.

adhesion

38

Dogs with short, wide skulls are said to be

Brachycephalic

39

Involuntary muscles is also called

smooth and cardiac muscle

40

Surgical removal of a claw is

onychectomy

41

A ______ is a broken bone in which there is an open wound in the skin.

compound fracture or open fracture

42

The ______ _______ is the fibrous band of connective tissue onthe ventral abdominal wall that is the median attachment of the abdominal muscles.

linea alba

43

A __________ is the place where muscle ends that is more movable end or portion away from the midline.

muscle insertion

44

Inflammation of an tendon is called ________.

bursitis

45

The opposite of extension is ________.

flexion

46

The opposite of contraction is ______.

relaxation

47

projection

process

48

sharp projections

spine

49

low projection or ridge

line

50

space or cavity

sinus

51

projecting part

tuberosity

52

rounded projection (that articulates with another bone)

condyle

53

passage or opening

meatus

54

tunnel

canal

55

seam

suture

56

toothlike structure

dens

57

smooth area

facet

58

trench or hollow depressed

fossa

59

small pit

fovea

60

surface projection

eminence

61

rounded projection (distal end of tibia and fibula)

malleolus

62

projecting part

protuberance

63

opening

aperture

64

branch or smaller structure given off by a larger structure

ramus

65

high projection or border projection

crest

66

broad, flat projetion (on femur)

trochanter

67

groove

sulcus

68

thin, flat plate

lamina

69

major prutrusion

head

70

defective

dystrophy

71

place where muscles begin

origin

72

narrow, long skull

Dolichocephalic

73

surgical incision into a muscle

myotomy

74

inflammation of voluntary muscles

myositis

75

lack of muscle control

atonic

76

circular movement around an axis

rotation

77

small bone embedded in tendon

sesamoid

78

four-footed animal

dog

79

study of bone

osteology

80

upper bone of jaw

maxilla

81

lower bone of jaw

mandible

82

animal with hooves

ungulate

83

caudal part of sternum

xyphoid process

84

things that work opposite each other

antagonist

85

A muscle that lowers or depresses a part is called a ...?

depressor

86

the opposite of inferior is

superior

87

The term for crosswise is

transverse

88

The term for slanted is

oblique

89

The crackling sensation that is felt and heard when broken bones move together is called

crepitation

90

Broken bones that are splintered or crushed into multiple pieces are called ______

comminuted

91

Abnormal development of the pelvic joint causing the head of the femur and the acetabulum not to be aligned properly is called _____

Hip dysplasia

92

T or F Arthrodesis is fusion of a join or the spinal vertebrae by surgical means

True

93

T or F A craniotomy is a surgical incision into a joint

False

94

T or F An osteotomy is the surgical removal of bone

True

95

T or F Ataxia is lack of voluntary control of muscle movement

True

96

T or F An adhesion is a band of fibers that holds strutures together in an abnormal fashion.

True

97

P1

long pastern

98

P2

short pastern

99

P3

coffin bone

100

tarsus

hock

101

splint bone

metacarpal/metatarsal II and IV in equine

102

fetlock joint

metacarpo-/metatarsophalangeal joint of equine and ruminants

103

pastern joint

connection between phalanx I and II equine and ruminants

104

coffin joint

distal interphalangeal joint of phalanx II and III in equine and ruminants

105

knee

carpus in large animals

106

stifle

synovial joint located between the femur and tibia

107

clavicle

collarbone

108

cannon bone

metacarpal/metatarsal III in equine and metacarpal/metatarsal III and IV in ruminants

109

dewclaw

variable digit depending on species; digit I in dogs, digits II and V in ruminants

110

sternum

breastbone

111

humerus

proximal front limb

112

fibula

distal hind limb

113

tibia

distal hind limb

114

ulna

distal front limb

115

femur

proximal hind limb

116

tarsus

joint in hind limb

117

radius

distal front limb

118

carpus

joint in front limb

119

metacarpal

joint in front limb

120

metatarsal

joint in hind limb

121

phalanx

distal part of front and hind limb

122

_____ and _____ are terms used for displacement of a bone from its joint.

subluxation and partial dislocation

123

______ the tough, fiborous tissue that forms the outermost covering of bone.

periosteum