Chapter 4 - head to toe -horse Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 4 - head to toe -horse Deck (47):
1

What is the barrel on the horse?

capacity of the chest or trunk

2

What are the bars on the hoof?

raised v-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof

3

What is the frog?

V-shaped pad of soft horn between the bars on the sole of the equine hoof

4

What is the cannon bone?

third metacarpal (metatarsal) of the horse; also called the skin bone

5

What is the cheek?

fleshy portion of either side of the face; forms the sides of the mouth and continues rostrally to the lips

6

What is the chest?

part of the body between the neck and abdomen; the thorax

7

What is the chestnuts?

horny;irregular growths on the medial surface of the equine leg; in the front legs, the chestnuts are just above the knee; in the rear legs, the chestnuts are near the hock

8

What is the coffin joint?

distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones

9

What is the corners?

third incisors of equine

10

What is the coronary band?

junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof; also called the coronet

11

What is the crest?

root of the mane - toward top of the head

12

What is the croup?

muscular area around and above the tail base

13

What is the cutters?

second incisors of equine

14

What is the dock?

solid part of the equine tail

15

What is the ergot?

small keratinized mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on the palmar or plantar aspects of the equine fetlock

16

What is the elbow?

forelimb joint formed by distal humerus proximal radius, and proximal ulna

17

What is the fetlock?

area of the limb between the pastern and the cannon

18

What is the fetlock joint?

metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and long pastern bone

19

What is the flank?

side of the body between the ribs and ilium

20

What is the forelock?

in maned animals, the most cranial part of the mane hanging down between the ears and onto the forehead

21

What is the gaskin?

muscular portion of the hindlimb between the stifle and hock; also called the crus

22

What is the heart girth?

circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back - getting this measurement can determine how much a horse weighs

23

What is the heel?

caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb

24

What is the hock?

tarsal joint

25

What is the hoof?

hard covering of the digit in ungulates

26

What is the hoof wall?

hard horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates

27

What is the knee?

carpus in ungulates

28

What is a ungulate?

an animal with hooves

29

What is the loin?

lumbar region of the back between the thorax and pelvis

30

What is the mane?

region of long-coarse hair at the dorsal border of the neck and terminating at the poll

31

What is the muzzle?

two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip

32

What is the nippers?

hollow

33

What is the paralumbar fossa

hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally) the last rib (cranially) and the thigh muscles (caudally)

34

What is the pastern?

area of the limb between the fetlock and hoof

35

What is the pastern joint?

proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones

36

What is the poll?

top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest

37

What is the quarter?

lateral or medial side of the hoof

38

What is the shoulder?

region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula

39

What is the sole?

palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; irregular crescent-shaped bottom of hoof

40

What is the stifle joint?

femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds

41

What is the tail?

the caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk

42

What is the tail head?

base of the tail where it connects to the body

43

What is the teat?

nipple of mammary gland

44

What is the toe?

cranial side of the hoof

45

What is the udder?

mammary gland

46

What is the white line?

fusion between the wall and sole of the hoof

47

What is the withers?

region over the dorsum where the neck joins the thorax and were the dorsal margins of the scapula lie just below the skin