Flashcards in Chapter 4 - head to toe -horse Deck (47):
What is the barrel on the horse?
capacity of the chest or trunk
What are the bars on the hoof?
raised v-shaped structure on distal surface of hoof
What is the frog?
V-shaped pad of soft horn between the bars on the sole of the equine hoof
What is the cannon bone?
third metacarpal (metatarsal) of the horse; also called the skin bone
What is the cheek?
fleshy portion of either side of the face; forms the sides of the mouth and continues rostrally to the lips
What is the chest?
part of the body between the neck and abdomen; the thorax
What is the chestnuts?
horny;irregular growths on the medial surface of the equine leg; in the front legs, the chestnuts are just above the knee; in the rear legs, the chestnuts are near the hock
What is the coffin joint?
distal interphalangeal joint (joint between the short pastern and coffin bones
What is the corners?
third incisors of equine
What is the coronary band?
junction between the skin and the horn of the hoof; also called the coronet
What is the crest?
root of the mane - toward top of the head
What is the croup?
muscular area around and above the tail base
What is the cutters?
second incisors of equine
What is the dock?
solid part of the equine tail
What is the ergot?
small keratinized mass of horn in a small bunch of hair on the palmar or plantar aspects of the equine fetlock
What is the elbow?
forelimb joint formed by distal humerus proximal radius, and proximal ulna
What is the fetlock?
area of the limb between the pastern and the cannon
What is the fetlock joint?
metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joint (joint between the cannon bone and long pastern bone
What is the flank?
side of the body between the ribs and ilium
What is the forelock?
in maned animals, the most cranial part of the mane hanging down between the ears and onto the forehead
What is the gaskin?
muscular portion of the hindlimb between the stifle and hock; also called the crus
What is the heart girth?
circumference of the chest just caudal to the shoulders and cranial to the back - getting this measurement can determine how much a horse weighs
What is the heel?
caudal region of the hoof that has an area of soft tissue called the bulb
What is the hock?
What is the hoof?
hard covering of the digit in ungulates
What is the hoof wall?
hard horny outer layer of the covering of the digit in ungulates
What is the knee?
carpus in ungulates
What is a ungulate?
an animal with hooves
What is the loin?
lumbar region of the back between the thorax and pelvis
What is the mane?
region of long-coarse hair at the dorsal border of the neck and terminating at the poll
What is the muzzle?
two nostrils (including the skin and fascia) and the muscles of the upper and lower lip
What is the nippers?
What is the paralumbar fossa
hollow area of the flank whose boundaries are the transverse processes of the lumbar vertebrae (dorsally) the last rib (cranially) and the thigh muscles (caudally)
What is the pastern?
area of the limb between the fetlock and hoof
What is the pastern joint?
proximal interphalangeal joint (joint between the long and short pastern bones
What is the poll?
top of the head; occiput; nuchal crest
What is the quarter?
lateral or medial side of the hoof
What is the shoulder?
region around the large joint between the humerus and scapula
What is the sole?
palmar or plantar surface of the hoof; irregular crescent-shaped bottom of hoof
What is the stifle joint?
femorotibial and femoropatellar joint in quadrupeds
What is the tail?
the caudal part of the vertebral column extending beyond the trunk
What is the tail head?
base of the tail where it connects to the body
What is the teat?
nipple of mammary gland
What is the toe?
cranial side of the hoof
What is the udder?
What is the white line?
fusion between the wall and sole of the hoof