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Flashcards in ch 2- review exercises Deck (99):
1

The __________ is also known as the navel.

umbilicus

2

_______ glands secrete chemical substances directly into the bloodsteam.

Endocrine

3

A ________ is any new growth of tissue in which multiplication of cells is uncontrolled, more rapid than normal, and progressive.

neoplasia

4

A ______ is a deviation from what is regarded as normal.

dysplasia

5

The ________ cavity contains the heart and lungs.

thoracic 

6

The caudal surface of the front paw, foot, or hoof is the ___________ surface.

palmar

7

The shoulder is ______ to the pevis.

cranial

8

A ______ is the basic structural unit of the body.

cell

9

The stomach is located ______ to the heart.

caudal

10

________ is the palmar or plantar movement of joint angles.

Hyperflexion

11

Another term for groin is ______.

inguinal area

12

The ______ is a layer of the peritoneum that suspends parts of the intestine in the abdominal cavity

mesentery

13

_______ is the suffix for formative material of cells.

-plasma

14

Not malignant is ________.

benign

15

The five combining forms for uterus are ______, ______, ______, ______, _______.

hyster/o, metr/o, metri/o, uter/o, metr/i

16

The plane that divides the animal into equal right and left halves is the ____________________.

median plane or midsaggital plane

17

The plane that divides the animal into cranial and caudal parts is the ___________.

transverse plane

18

The study of body structure is called _________.

anatomy

19

The study of body function is called_______.

physiology

20

The aspect of the tooth of the mandible that faces the tongue is called the __________.

lingual surface

21

The aspect of the tooth that faces the cheek is called the ______________.

buccal surface

22

Movement toward the midline is known as ___________.

proximal

23

Movement away from the midline is known as _________.

abduction

24

Groups of specialized cells that secrete material used elsewhere in the body are known as an ______.

endocrine

25

A part of the body that performs a special function or functions is known as an ____________.

organ

26

pertaining to the belly

ventral

27

to reduce the angle between two bones

flexion

28

situated nearest the midline

proximal

29

bottom of the rear foot, hoof, or paw

plantar

30

pertaining to towards the side

lateral

31

pertaining to towards the head

cranial

32

positioned away from the surface

deep

33

to move towards midline

adduction

34

situated farthest from midline

distal

35

plane dividing the body into left and right portions

saggital plane

36

to increase the angle between two bones

extension

37

pertaining to the head

cephlic

38

below or lowermost

inferior

39

bottom of the front foot, hoof, or paw

palmar

40

pertaining to towards the tail

caudal

41

to move away from midline

abduction

42

pertaining to the back

dorsal

43

pertaining to towards midline

medial

44

kidney 

nephro

45

lungs

pneumo

46

pharynx

pharyngo

47

spleen

spleno

48

blood

hemo

49

nose or nares

naso

50

bone

osteo

51

vein

veno

52

ear

oto

53

spinal cord

myelo

54

eye

ophthalmo

55

urethra

urethro

56

mouth

oro

57

small intestine

entero

58

lymph vessel, fluid, or node

lympho

59

uterus

urethro

60

cartilage

chondro

61

urinary bladder

cysto

62

joint

arthro

63

nerves

neuro

64

brain

encephalo

65

liver

hepato

66

fascia

fasci

67

ureters

uretero

68

stomach

gastro

69

esophagus

esophago

70

testes

orchido

71

thymus

thymo

72

tendon

teno

73

skin

dermato

74

trachea

tracheo

75

pancreas

pancreato

76

tonsil

tonsillo

77

muscle

myo

78

larynx

laryngo

79

large intestine

colo

80

Lateral means?

toward the side

81

The saggital plane divides the body into ...?

left and right portions

82

The paw is ________ to the shoulder.

distal

83

The transverse plane divides the body into...?

cranial and caudal portions

84

The lining of the abdominal cavity and some of its organs is called the ...?

peritoneum

85

The study of structure, composition, and function of tissues is called...?

histology

86

The _____ plane divides the body into dorsal and ventral portions?

dorsal

87

The medical term for lying down is...?

recumbent

88

The medical term for increase in size of an organ, tissue, or cell is...?

hypertrophy

89

The medical term for the caudal surface of the rear paw, hoof, or foot is...?

plantar

90

The term for toward the midline is ...?

medial

91

The term for nearest the midline or the beginning of a structure is 

proximal

92

The term for away from the midline is...?

lateral

93

The term for farthest from the midline or beginning of a structure is ...?

distal

94

The term that refers to the back is ...?

dorsal

95

The term that means toward the tail is...?

caudal

96

The term that means toward the head is ...?

cranial

97

The term that refers to the belly or underside of a body is...?

ventral

98

Which type of tissue covers internal body surfaces?

epithelial

99

The term for a hole or hollow space in the body that contains and protects internal organs is ...?

cavity