Ch. 8 Psychology of Athletic Preparation and Performance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 8 Psychology of Athletic Preparation and Performance Deck (44):
1

ideal performance state

the ultimate goal of every athlete

2

athlete

someone who engages in a social comparison

3

sport psychology

the sub discipline of exercise science that seeks to understand the influence of behavioral processes on skilled movement

4

state anxiety

a subjective experience of apprehension and uncertainty accompanied by elevated autonomic and voluntary neural outflow and increase endocrine activity

5

trait anxiety

a personality variable or disposition to the probability that one will perceive an environment as threatening

6

arousal

the intensity dimension of behavior and physiology

7

Cognitive anxiety

relates to psychological processes and worrisom thoughts

8

somatic anxiety

realtes to such physical symptoms as tense muscles, tachycardia (fast heart rate), and the butterflies

9

stress

is considered as any disruption from homeostasis or mental and physical calm

10

stressor

an environmental or cognitive event that precipitates stress

11

distress

negative stress

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eustress

positive stress

13

attention

the processing of both environmental and internal cues that come to awareness

14

selective attention

the ability to inhibit awareness of some stimuli in order to process others

15

preparatory routine

a ritual or mental checklist

16

cue utilization

helpful in explaining the effect of stress or increased levels of physiological arousal on attentional processing of information

17

mental-psychological efficiency

attentional allocation or shift in allocation to process only the cues and cognitive activity that relate to the athletic performance

18

intrinsic motivation

important for any athlete

19

achievement motivation

relates to the athlete's wish to engage in competition, or social comparison

20

motivation to achieve success (MAS)

self explanatory

21

motive to avoid failure (MAF)

relates to the desire to protect one's ego and self-esteem

22

positive reinforcement

the act of increasing the probability of occurrence of a given behavior

23

operant

a target behavior, such as correct footwork in basketball

24

negative reinforcement

increases the probability of occurrence of a given operant by removing an act, object, or event that is typically aversive

25

positive punishment

the presentation of an act, object, or event following a behavior that could decrease the behavior's occurence

26

negative punishment

the removal of something valued

27

inverted-U theory

states that arousal facilitates performance up to an optimal level, beyond which further increases in arousal are associated with reduced performance

28

optimal functioning theory

different people perform best with very different levels or arousal

29

catastrophe theory

the arousal construct needs to be more clearly defined

30

self-efficacy

perceived self-confidence

31

association

monitoring strategy

32

dissociation

the distracting strategy

33

goal setting

a process whereby progressively challenging standards of performance are pursued with a defined criterion of task performance that increases that likelihood of perceived success

34

process goals

those over whose achievement the athlete has control

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outcome goals

onces over which the athlete has little control; typically winning is the primary focus

36

successive approximations

short-term goals that progressively increase in difficulty

37

operationalize

means to concretely specify a behavior so that it can be measured

38

diaphragmatic breathing

belly breathing, this form of breathing is a basic stress management technique and a precursor to all other mental training techniques

39

progressive muscle relaxation (PMR)

a somatopsychic technique by which psychological and physical arousal are self-regulated through the control of skeletal muscle tension

40

reciprocal inhibition

reflects the principle that a relaxed body will promote a relaxed mind

41

autogenic training

refers to shifting autonomic neural processes from sympathetic to parasympathetic dominance

42

mental imagery

a cognitive psychological skill in which the athlete uses all the sense to create a mental experience of an athletic performance

43

hypnosis

an induced state of hyper suggestibility in which positive suggestions relating to an athlete's performance potential can be planted in the subconscious mind

44

systematic desensitization (SD)

a technique that helps an athlete initially confront or reduce fear