Flashcards in Ch.1 Intro to anatomy/physiology Deck (59):
Hair, Skin, Nails (protects)
bones, joints (movement)
skeletal muscles (locomotion)
bone marrow, thymus, lymph. vessels, spleen (attacks foreign substances)
nasal cav., pharynx, larynx, trachea, lung, bronchus (gaseous exchange)
oral cav. large intestine, stomach, liver, oesophagus, anus (digests food)
spinal cord, nerves, brain (control system)
pineal gland, thyroid gland, ovary, testis, thymus (growth)
heart, blood vessels (pumps blood heart)
kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra (eliminates waste, regulates water)
prostate gland, scrotum, penis, testis, ovar, uterus, vagina (reproduce)
large structures (hear, lungs, kidneys)
too small to see (tissues)
structure changes throughout life
changes that occur before birth
heart and blood vessels
chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organismal
gas exchange (air exerts on surface of body)
lungs, kidneys, skin. (waste products of metabolism are eliminated)
maintain steady internal environment (heat, regulation) Receptors, Control centre, Effector
control mechanisms of bod.
receptors (response to stimuli, inputs message to) control center (determines response for message), effectors (output to stimulus)
maintain homeostasis. regulate breathing, blood levels, heart rate, temp, certain ions.
control infrequent events. regulates blood clotting, labor contractions.
brain, spinal cord.
heart, lungs (or thoracic cavity)
liver, digestive organs
movement, responsiveness, digestion, metabolism, excretion, reproduction, growth
water, oxygen, nutrients, atmospheric pressure, body temp.
head, neck, trunk
serosa -> thin membrane
hold organs in place
fluid that contains protein in lymphatic system
heart, trachea, esophagus
internal cavity containing fluid
supports, connects other tissues to organs
membranous tissue covers surface
cells, organs, tissues that fight against germs that harm the body.
away from head
elbow prox. to wrist
soft tissue formed during embryonic development. helps muscles contract
regulates bodily functions
fluid within blood (consists of water, proteins)
Oral and digestive cavities
mouth, digestive system
Skull housing eyes
Middle ear cavities
lie within skull