Ch.1 Intro to anatomy/physiology Flashcards Preview

Bio 131 > Ch.1 Intro to anatomy/physiology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.1 Intro to anatomy/physiology Deck (59):
1

Intergumentary System

Hair, Skin, Nails (protects)

2

Skeletal system

bones, joints (movement)

3

muscular system

skeletal muscles (locomotion)

4

lymphatic systemm

bone marrow, thymus, lymph. vessels, spleen (attacks foreign substances)

5

respiratory system

nasal cav., pharynx, larynx, trachea, lung, bronchus (gaseous exchange)

6

digestive system

oral cav. large intestine, stomach, liver, oesophagus, anus (digests food)

7

nervous system

spinal cord, nerves, brain (control system)

8

endocrine system

pineal gland, thyroid gland, ovary, testis, thymus (growth)

9

cardiovascular

heart, blood vessels (pumps blood heart)

10

urinary

kidney, ureter, bladder, urethra (eliminates waste, regulates water)

11

reproductive system

prostate gland, scrotum, penis, testis, ovar, uterus, vagina (reproduce)

12

anatomy

body structures

13

physiology

body function

14

gross anatomy

large structures (hear, lungs, kidneys)

15

microscopic anatomy

too small to see (tissues)

16

developmental anatomy

structure changes throughout life

17

embryology

changes that occur before birth

18

renal physiology

kidney function

19

neurophysiology

nervous system

20

cardiovascular physiology

heart and blood vessels

21

structural organization

chemical, cellular, tissue, organ, organ system, organismal

22

atmospheric pressure

gas exchange (air exerts on surface of body)

23

excretion

lungs, kidneys, skin. (waste products of metabolism are eliminated)

24

hemeostasis

maintain steady internal environment (heat, regulation) Receptors, Control centre, Effector

25

control mechanisms of bod.

receptors (response to stimuli, inputs message to) control center (determines response for message), effectors (output to stimulus)

26

negative feedback

maintain homeostasis. regulate breathing, blood levels, heart rate, temp, certain ions.

27

positive feedback

control infrequent events. regulates blood clotting, labor contractions.

28

dorsal cavity

brain, spinal cord.

29

ventral cavity

heart, lungs (or thoracic cavity)

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abdominal cavity

liver, digestive organs

31

maintaining life

movement, responsiveness, digestion, metabolism, excretion, reproduction, growth

32

essential needs

water, oxygen, nutrients, atmospheric pressure, body temp.

33

axial

head, neck, trunk

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appendicular

limbs, bones

35

serosa -> thin membrane

hold organs in place

36

lymph

fluid that contains protein in lymphatic system

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mediastinum

heart, trachea, esophagus

38

body cavity

internal cavity containing fluid

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connective tissue

supports, connects other tissues to organs

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distal

away from

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ventral

inwards

42

epithelial

membranous tissue covers surface

43

immune system

cells, organs, tissues that fight against germs that harm the body.

44

inferior

away from head

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prosterior

back

46

anterior

front

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superior

towards head

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lateral

outwards

49

proximal

elbow prox. to wrist

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superficial

outside

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deep

inside

52

muscle tissue

soft tissue formed during embryonic development. helps muscles contract

53

nervous tissue

regulates bodily functions

54

plasma

fluid within blood (consists of water, proteins)

55

Oral and digestive cavities

mouth, digestive system

56

nasal cavity

upper respiration

57

Orbital cavities

Skull housing eyes

58

Middle ear cavities

lie within skull

59

synovial cavities

line joints