Ch.10 Congress Flashcards Preview

Government > Ch.10 Congress > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch.10 Congress Deck (30):
1

Term

two-year period of time during which Congress meets.

2

Session

period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business.

3

Convene

To begin a new session of Congress.

4

Adjourn

suspend, as a session of Congress

5

Recess

A time when both houses of Congress temporarily suspend business.

6

Prorogue

Adjourn, as in a legislative session.

7

Sine Die

Neither house can adjourn without the consent of the other house.

8

Special Session

An extraordinary session of a legislative body, called to deal with an emergency situation.

9

Apportion

Distribute, as in seats in a legislative body.

10

Reapportion

Redistribute, as in seats in a legislative body.

11

Off-year election

Congressional election that occurs between presidential election years.

12

Single-member district

Electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each electoral office.

13

District

A voting block that represents about 700,000 people.

14

Gerrymander

The drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group.

15

Incumbent

The current officeholder.

16

Continuous body

Governing unit whose seats are never all up for election at the same time.

17

Constituency

The people and interests that an elected official requests.

18

Delegate

Representatives: members of Congress who cast votes based on the wishes of their constituents.

19

Trustee

Lawmaker who votes based on his or her conscience and judgment. not the views of his or her constituents.

20

Partisan

Lawmaker who owes his/her first allegiance to his/her political party and votes according.

21

Politico

Lawmaker who attempts to balance the basic elements of the trustee, delegate, and partisan roles: see trustee, delegate, partisan.

22

Oversight function

Review by legislative committees of policies and programs of the executive branch.

23

Speech and Debate Clause

It protects representatives and senators from suits for libel or slander arising from their speech in Congress.

24

What are the three reasons why the House of Representatives is Bicameral?

1. Historical reason: British Parliament - had 2 houses
2. Practical reason: Settled conflict between small & large states
3. Theoretical reason: Check & balance each other

25

What are the three unique powers of the House/Senate?

1. Trial for impeachment
2. Ratify treaties
3. Confirmation (approves) - Cabinet, Judges, etc.

26

What are the two ways in which gerrymandering is done?

1. Spread the opposition's voters out in as many districts as possible.
2. Concentrate the opposition's voters in as few districts as possible.

27

What are the qualifications of a House member/ and a Senator?

House member:
1. must be 25 years old
2. U.S. citizen for 7 years
3. must live in state

Senator:
1. must be 30 years old
2. U.S. citizen for 9 years
3. must live in a state

28

What are the 5 major roles of a congressmen?

1. Legislators: make laws
2. Representative: voice of people: delegate, trustee, partisan, politico
3. Committee members: take up bills
4. Servants to constituents: help people
5. Politicians: a person who governs

29

What are the 3 limits on congressional pay?

1. President's veto
2. Voter backlash
3. 27th amendment (does not take effect until the next term)

30

Bicameral

an adjective describing a legislative body of two chambers.