Flashcards in Ch.10 Congress Deck (30):
two-year period of time during which Congress meets.
period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business.
To begin a new session of Congress.
suspend, as a session of Congress
A time when both houses of Congress temporarily suspend business.
Adjourn, as in a legislative session.
Neither house can adjourn without the consent of the other house.
An extraordinary session of a legislative body, called to deal with an emergency situation.
Distribute, as in seats in a legislative body.
Redistribute, as in seats in a legislative body.
Congressional election that occurs between presidential election years.
Electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters for each electoral office.
A voting block that represents about 700,000 people.
The drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group.
The current officeholder.
Governing unit whose seats are never all up for election at the same time.
The people and interests that an elected official requests.
Representatives: members of Congress who cast votes based on the wishes of their constituents.
Lawmaker who votes based on his or her conscience and judgment. not the views of his or her constituents.
Lawmaker who owes his/her first allegiance to his/her political party and votes according.
Lawmaker who attempts to balance the basic elements of the trustee, delegate, and partisan roles: see trustee, delegate, partisan.
Review by legislative committees of policies and programs of the executive branch.
Speech and Debate Clause
It protects representatives and senators from suits for libel or slander arising from their speech in Congress.
What are the three reasons why the House of Representatives is Bicameral?
1. Historical reason: British Parliament - had 2 houses
2. Practical reason: Settled conflict between small & large states
3. Theoretical reason: Check & balance each other
What are the three unique powers of the House/Senate?
1. Trial for impeachment
2. Ratify treaties
3. Confirmation (approves) - Cabinet, Judges, etc.
What are the two ways in which gerrymandering is done?
1. Spread the opposition's voters out in as many districts as possible.
2. Concentrate the opposition's voters in as few districts as possible.
What are the qualifications of a House member/ and a Senator?
1. must be 25 years old
2. U.S. citizen for 7 years
3. must live in state
1. must be 30 years old
2. U.S. citizen for 9 years
3. must live in a state
What are the 5 major roles of a congressmen?
1. Legislators: make laws
2. Representative: voice of people: delegate, trustee, partisan, politico
3. Committee members: take up bills
4. Servants to constituents: help people
5. Politicians: a person who governs
What are the 3 limits on congressional pay?
1. President's veto
2. Voter backlash
3. 27th amendment (does not take effect until the next term)