Chapter 3 Flashcards Preview

Government > Chapter 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 3 Deck (15):
1

Six basic principles of the constitution

Popular sovereignty: people are the source of power of its power
Limited government : government is not all powerful
Separation of powers: national government is organized into three branches
Checks and balances: one branch can limit power of another branch
Judicial review: power of the courts to determine whether what the government is doing is according to the constitution
Federalism: division of power between the national and state/ regional governments

2

Formal Amendment

Change in the written word of the constitution (permanent)

3

Summarize the seven articles of the constitution

Articles 1-3: deal with the three branches of national government : congress, the presidency, and federal court system
Articles 4: deals mostly with the place of the states in the American Union and their relationship
Articles 5: indicates how formal amendments may be amendments may be added to the documents
Articles 6: declares that the constitution is the nations supreme law
Article 7: provided for the ratification of the constitution

4

Amendment

A change in, or addition, a constitution or law

5

Rule of law

Concept that holds that government and its officers are always subject to the law

6

Constitution

The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of the a government

7

Unconstitutional

Contrary to a constitutional provision and so illegal, null and void, of no force and effect

8

Treaty

A formal agreement between two or more sovereign states.

9

Veto

Chief executives power to reject a bill passed by a legislature; literally in Latin "I forbid"

10

Ratification

Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment or treaty

11

Bail

A sum of money that the accused may be required to post as a guarantee that the accused will appear in court at the proper time

12

Bench trail

when you wave the right to a jury and let a judge make the ruling

13

Grand Jury:

The formal device by which a person can be accused of a serious crime

14

Eminent Domain

Power of a government to take private property for public use

15

Discuss the major strength of the constitution.

The constitution deals largely with matters of basic principles.