Government Ch. 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Government Ch. 2 Deck (35):
1

Bicameral

2 houses (legislative)

2

Charter

Direct control of the people (only two colonies used this type of colonial government)

3

Limited Government

The government is not all powerful

4

Petition of Right

Occurred in 1628, signed by Charles I established the idea that even the monarch must obey the law.

5

Proprietary

Has direct control of the proprietor (only 3 colonies used this colonial government)

6

Representative Government

Government should serve the will of the people.

7

Three-Fifths Compromise

Could slaves be counted as population?
1. Slaves must be counted as three-fifths of a person
2. Must pay three-fifths of a head tax.

8

Anti-federalist

Opposed to the new constitution.
Led by Patrick Henry.

9

Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise

The South was afraid that Congress would tax exports to help fund the government.
Feared they would stop the slave trade.
1. Congress was forbidden from taxing exports
2. Congress could not regulate the slave trade for 20 years.

10

Federalist

They were in favor of the new constitution

11

Magna Carta

Occurred in 1215, signed by King John and established the principle that the monarchy was not absolute.m

12

Royal

Direct control of the crown (8 colonies)

13

Quorum

The majority

14

Unicameral

One house (legislative)

15

Ratification

Ratification is official approval

16

The Articles of Confederation

First constitution of USA - drafted during the revolution in 1777

Est. "a firm league of friendship" based on mutual trust
Each state kept its own sovereignty, freedom, and independence!

Only had one branch of government
Legislative
Very little power given to central government. Why?
Confederate form - power in the local (states)

17

Great Compromise - Connecticut

1. Bicameral Legislative
Representation:
Based on population in the lower house and equal representation in the upper house (compromise)
2. Executive -1
3. Judiciary - Supreme Court and state courts
4. Gave co-equal powers to Central and local governments (Federal)

18

Framers

Groups of delegates (55) sent to Philadelphia during the summer of 1797.

19

The Virginia Plan

"Father of our Constitution"
James Madison's solution

20

The New Jersey Plan

The solution of William Patterson.

21

Philadelphia Convention

Convention in Philadelphia held by James Madison. Delegates met with the main purpose of revising the Articles of Confederation, but they ended up scraping the whole thing.

22

Second Continental Congress

Occured in 1775. It was the first time all the colonies united! (First National Government) during the war for independence.

23

What were the weakness of the Articles of Confederation?

no power to tax (borrow)
no power to regulate trade
no power to enforce laws
Amendments (changes to the articles) only the consent of all 13 states!!

24

What were the reasons that people opposed the new Constitution

Too much power given to the federal government (Feds)
No Bill of Rights (People)

25

What was Shay's Rebellion about?

It was a revolt against land/home taxes. The banks started to foreclose soldiers home and land.

26

What were the major provisions of the Virginia Plan?

1. 3 separate branches
2. Bicameral - Legislature
3. Representation based on population or the amount of $ you gave the government
4. National Executive (1- President)
5. National Judiciary (1- Supreme Court)
6. Greatly increased powers for the central government (tax, regulate trade, etc.) UNITARY!

27

What were the major provisions of the New Jersey Plan

1. 3 branches
2. Unicameral -Legislature Representation - equal - one vote per state
3. National Executive (3 people)
4. National Judiciary - Supreme Court + state courts
5. Limited powers to the central government/shared with the states - Federal

28

What are the major sources of the Constitution?

Greece (democracy)
Rome (republic based on the law)
Great Britain (limited government)

29

What was the major issue of contention over the plans?

The representation in the Legislative branch.

30

Who favored the new Constitution?

Federalists

31

Who opposed the new Constitution?

Anti-federalists

32

Who was not at the Constitutional Convention and why?

Patrick Henry wasn't there because he "smelt a rat"
and John Adams and Thomas Jefferson (diplomates in Europe) etc. Were not there.

33

Constitution

Fundamental laws that are an established principles of government

34

Confederation

Power is in the local agencies (states)

35

Albany Plan Of Union

Took place in 1754, an attempt to address the colonial trade and unite during the French and Indian War