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Flashcards in Political Parties Deck (33):
1

Political spectrum

The range of political views

2

Partisanship

allegiance to a particular party

3

Plurality

in an election, the number of votes that the leading candidate obtains over the next highest candidate.

4

Bipartisan

Supported by two parties

5

Coalition

alliance of two or more parties to rule/ruin the government.

6

Consensus

general agreement among various groups on fundamental matters; broad agreement on public questions.

7

Incumbent

the current officeholder

8

Faction

A conflicting group

9

Spoils system

the practice of giving offices and other favors of government to political supporters and friends

10

Electorate

all of the people entitled to vote in a given election.

11

Federalists

those persons who supported the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788

12

Anti-federalists

Those persons who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788

13

Independents

Belong to no particular party

14

Pluralistic

made up of different cultures ad ethnic groups, but with the same political parties.

15

What are the 5 functions of the political parties?

1. Nominating function: choose candidates
2. Informer/Stimulator function: inform people of the issues and stimulate them to vote
3. Bonding Agent function: ensures good qualifications and performance of their candidates; "seal of approval"
4. Government function: ensures the cooperation of the legislative and executive branches (work together).
5. Watchdog function: the party out of power "loyal opposition" watches over and criticizes the party in power.

16

What are the three types of political systems in the world?

Two party system: 2 major parties and several minor parties
Multi-party system: several major and several minor parties
One party system: no party system

17

List the 4 reasons why the USA uses a two-party system.

1. Historical reason: started out with two parties (Federalists/Anti-Federalist)
2. Traditional reason: Always been that way!
3. Electoral system reason: our system encourages only two parties.
4. American Ideological Consensus reason: Americans share the same political beliefs - Democratic Republic - We the People rule!

18

What is the major advantage and disadvantage of a multi-party system?

The advantage is more choices, the disadvantage is less stability.

19

List the factors that cause people to identify with a particular party.

1. Family
2. Major events
3. Place of residence
4. Level of education
5. Age
6. Type of work (blue or white collar)
7. Economic status

20

What are the differences between the Democrats and the Republicans?

Democrats: (liberals) left wing
1. Big government/regulation
2. Big spending on social programs
3. Higher taxes
4. Government run health-care
5. Anti-gun - 2nd amendment
6. Alternative family - pro gay marriage
7. Pro-choice/abortion
8. Small military
9. Open borders - immigration

Republicans: (conservative) right wing
1. Small government - less/regulation
2. lower taxes
3. favors small business
4. private health-care
pro-gun - 2nd amendment
Traditional family - anti gay marriage
pro-life/anti-abortion
large military
closed borders - limit immigration

21

Which groups tend to align themselves with the Democrats?

African-Americans
Hispanics
Catholics and Jews
Government workers (public)
Blue collar workers (unions)
Over 60 (older)
Less educated/lower income
Urban (city)
Women
Homosexuals

22

Which groups tend to align themselves with the Republicans?

Caucasians
Asians
Protestant Christians
White collar workers
Younger (yuppies)
Higher educated/higher income
Rural (country)

23

What are the 4 periods of the American Party?

1) 1800-1860 - Democrats ruled 13/15 presidents - *Civil War
2) 1860-1932 - Republicans ruled 14/18 presidents - *Great Depression
3) 1932-1968 - Democrats ruled 7/9 presidents - *Vietnam War
4) 1968-2008 - Republicans ruled 5/7 presidents - *Iraq War/Economic recession

24

What are the four types of Minor Parties?

1. Ideological - based on a set of political beliefs - oldest (Socialist/Communist, Libertarian)
2. Single-issue - based on one issue (Free-soil (anti-slavery), American (anti-immigrant), Pro-Life (anti-abortion), Prohibition (anti-alcohol)
3. Economic protest - based on economic discontent - most short lived (Populist (anti-big business), Greenback (anti-gold), *Green (pro-environment, *Tea Party (anti-government debt)
4. Splinter - when some famous person breaks away from a main party - most successful (Bull Moose (Theodore Roosevelt), Reform (Roos Perot), Rainbow coalition (Jessie Jackson)

25

What are the reasons why the Minor parties are important?

1. Bring about new fresh ideas - sometimes controversial!
2. Serve as critics to the major parties
3. Play the spoiler role/influence outcomes in elections

26

What are the three components(parts) or make-up of the party?

Party organization - leaders
Party electorate - members or voters
Party government - candidates and office holders

27

Majority

The greater number or part; a number more than half of the tota

28

Moderate

Being within reasonable limits; not excessive

29

Conservative

Favoring traditional views and values; tending to oppose change

30

Liberal

Favoring proposals for reform, open to new ideas for progress, and tolerant of the ideas and behavior of others; broad minded

31

Election oriented

could not find definition, but think about it during test

32

Principle oriented

Could not find definition but think about it during test!

33

Political Party

A group of persons who seek to control the government through the winning of elections and the holding of public office.