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Flashcards in Ch15-P530-547 Deck (23):
1

Psychopathological functioning

Disruptions in emotional, behavioural or thought processes that lead to personal distress or block one's ability to achieve important goals.

2

Abnormal psychology?

The area of psychology investigation concerned with understanding the nature of individual pathologies of mind, mood and behaviour.

3

Psychological diagnosis?

The label given to psychological abnormality by classifying and categorising the observed behaviour pattern into an approved diagnostic system.

4

DSM-IV-TR

The current diagnostic and statistical manual of the American Psychological Association that classifies, defines and describes mental disorders.

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

5

Comorbidity?

The experience of more than one disorder at the same time

6

Neurotic disorder?

A mental disorder in which a person does not have signs of brain abnormalities and does not display grossly irrational thinking or violate basic norms but does experience subjective distress; a category dropped from DSM-III

7

Psychotic disorder?

A severe mental disorder in which a person experiences impairments in reality testing manifested through thought, emotional, or perceptual difficulties, no longer used as diagnostic category after DSM-III

8

Insanity?

The legal (not clinical) designation for the state of an individual judged to be legally irresponsible or incompetent.

9

Aetiology?

The causes of, or factors related to, the development of a disorder.

10

Anxiety disorder?

A mental disorder marked by psychological arousal, feeling of tension, and intense apprehension without apparent reason.

11

Generalised anxiety disorder?

An anxiety disorder in which an individual  feels anxious and worried most of the time for a least six months when not threatened by any specific danger or object.

12

Panic disorder?

An anxiety disorder in which sufferers experience unexpected, severe panic attacks that begin with a feeling of intense apprehension, fear or terror.

13

Agoraphobia?

An extreme fear of being in public places or open spaces fron which escape may be difficult or embarrassing.

14

Fear?

A rational reaction to an objectively identified external danger thay may induce a person to flee or attack in self-defence

15

Phobia?

A persistent and irrational fear (of a specific object, activity or situation) that is excessive and unreasonable given the reality of the threat.

16

Social phobia?

A persistent, irrational fear that arises in anticipation of a public situation in which an individual can be observed by others.

17

Specific phobia?

A phobia that occurs in response to a specific type of object or situation.

18

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)?

A mental disorder characterised by obsessions - recurrent thoughts, images or impulses that recur or persist despite efforts to suppress them - and compulsions-repetittive purposeful acts performed according to certain rules or in a ritualised manner.

19

Mood disorder?

A mood disburbance, such as severe depression or depression, alternating wiht mania.

20

Major depressive disorder?

A mood disorder characterised by intense feelings of depresion over an extended time, without the manic high phase of bipolar depression.

21

bipolar disorder

A mood disorder characterised by alternating periods of depression and mania.

22

Manic episode?

Part of bipolar disorder displaying periods of extreme elation, unbounded euphoria without sufficient reason, and grandiose thoughts or feelings about personal abilities.

23

Learned helplessness?

A general pattern of nonresponding in the presence of noxious stimuli that often follows after an organism has peviously experienced noncontingent, inescapable aversive stimuli.

Contingent - depending on something to occur. Plans contingent on weather