Efforts made in advance of a potentially stressful event to overcome, reduce or tolerate the imbalance between perceived demands and available resources.
The belief that one has the ability to make a difference in the course of the consequences of some event or experience; often helpful in dealing with stressors.
Resources, including material aid, socioemotional support and informational aid, provided by others to help a person cope with stress.
Field of psychology devoted to understanding the ways people stay healthy, the reasons they become ill, and the ways they respond when they become ill.
A general condition of soundness and vigour of body and mind; not simply the absence of illness or injury.
A model of health and illness that suggests links among the nervous system, the immune system, behavioural styles, cognitive processing and environmental domains of health.
Optimal health, incorporating the ability to function fully and actively over the physical, intellectual, emotional, spiritual, social and environmental domains of health.
The development and implementation of general strategies and specific tactics to eliminate or reduce the risk that people will become ill.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, a syndrome caused by a virus that damages the immune system and weakens the body's ability to fight infection.
Human Immunodefiency Virus, a virus that attacks white blood cells (T lymphocytes) in human blood, thereby weakening the function of the immune system; HIV causes AIDS
A condition in which muscle tension, cortical activity, heart rate, and blood pressure decrease and breathing slows.
A self regulatory technique by which an individual acquires voluntary control over nonconscious biological processes.
The research area that investigates interactions between psychological processes, such as responses to stress, and the functions of the immune system.
Type A behaviour pattern?
a complex pattern of behaviours and emotions that includes excessive emphasis on competition, aggression, impatience and hostility; hostility increases the risk of coronary heart disease.
Type B behaviour pattern?
As compared to Type A behaviour pattern, a less competitive, less aggressive, less hostile pattern of behaviour and emotion.
The syndrome of emotional exhaustion, depersonalisation and reduced personal accomplishment, often experienced by workers in high stress jobs.