Ch8-P239-249 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch8-P239-249 Deck (19):
1

Memory?

The mental capacity to encode, store and retrieve information.

2

explicit use of memory?

A conscious effort to encode or recover information through memory processes

3

Implicit use of memory?

the availability of information through memory processes without conscious effort to encode or recover information

4

Declarative Memory?

Memory for information such as facts and events

5

Procedural Memory?

Memory for how things get done; the way perceptual, cognitive and motor skills are acquired, retained and used.

6

Encoding?

The process by which a mental representation is formed in memory

7

Storage?

The retention of encoded material over time.

8

Retrieval?

The recovery of stored information from memory

9

Iconic memory?

Memory system in the visual domain that allows large amounts of information to be stored for very brief durations.

10

Short Term Memory (STM)?

A memory process associated with preservation of recent experiences and with retrieval of information from long term memory.

11

Chunking?

The process of taking single items of information and recording them on the basis of similarity or another organising principle.

12

Working Memory?

A memory resource that is used to accomplish tasks such as reasoning and language comprehension.

13

Long term memory (LTM)?

Memory processes associated with the preservation of information for retrieval at any later time.

14

Retrieval cue?

An internal or external generated stimuli available to help with the retrieval of a memory

15

Recall?

A method of retrieval in which an individual is required to reproduce the information previously presented.

16

Recognition?

A method of retrieval in which an individual is required to identify stimuli as having been experienced before.

17

Episodic memory?

A long term memory for autobiographical events and the contexts in which they occurred.

18

Semantic memory?

A generic, categorical memory, such as the meanings of words and concepts.

19

Encoding specificity?

the principle that subsequent retrieval of information is enhanced if cues received at the time of recall are consistent with those present at the time of encoding.