Chp11-P380-End Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chp11-P380-End Deck (24):
1

Parenting style?

The manner in which parents rear their children

2

Parenting practises?

Specific parenting behaviours that aris in response to particular parental goals.

3

Contact comfort?

Comfort derived from an infant's physical contact wiht the mother or caregiver.

4

Intimacy"

the capacity to make a full commitment - sexual, emotional and moral - to another person

5

Selective social interaction theory?

the view that suggest that as people age they become more selective in choosing social partners who satisfy their emotional needs

6

Generativity?

A commitment beyond one's self and one's partner to family, work, society and future generations.

7

Sex difference?

A biologically based characteristic that distinguishes males from females.

8

Gender?

A psychological phenomenon that refers to learned sex related behaviours and attitudes of males and females.

9

Gender identity

Ones sense of maleness or femaleness; usually includes awareness and acceptance of one's biological sex.

10

Gender stereotype?

Belief about attitudes and behaviours regarded as appropriate for males and females in a particular culture.

11

Morality?

A system of beliefs and values that ensures that individuals will keep their obligations to others in society and will behave in ways that do not interfere with the rights and interests of others.

12

Selective optimisation with compensation?

A strategy for successful ageing in which one makes the most gains while minimising the impact of losses that accompany normal ageing.

13

Internalisation?

According to Vygogtsky, the process through which children absorb knowledge from the social context that has a major impact on how cognition unfolds over time.

14

Foundational theory?

A framework for initial unerstanding formulated by children to explain their experiences of the world.

15

Phoneme?

The minimal unit of speech in any given language that makes a meaningful difference in speech and production and reception.

16

Child directed speech

A form of speech with an exaggerated and high pitched intonation that adults use to speak to infants and young children.

17

Language making capacity?

The innate guidelines or operating principles that children bring to the task of learning a language.

18

Over regularisation?

A grammatical error, usually appearing during early language development, in which rules of the langauge are applied too widely , resulting in incorrect linguistic forms.

19

Social development?

The ways in which individuals' social interactions and expectations change across the life span.

20

Psychosocial changes?

Proposed by Erik Erikson, successive developmental stages that focus on an individual's orientation toward the self and others.

21

Socialisation?

The lifelong process whereby an individual's behavioural patterns, values, standards, skills, attitudes and motives are shaped to conform to those regarded as desirable in a particular society.

22

Temperament?

A child's biologically based level of emotional and behavioural resonse to environmental events.

23

Attachment?

Emotional relationship between a child and the regular caregiver.

24

Imprinting?

A primitive form of learning in which some infant animals physically follow and form an attachment to the first moving object they see and/or hear.