CH6- proteins Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in CH6- proteins Deck (14):
1

AA conponent

R group
AMINO CARBON ACID GROUP
GROUP
H

2

Dehydratioin synthesis

process that joins all AA to prtns

3

Peptide bonds

bonds between amino acids
join AA to form
di, tri, oligo, and poly

4

Hydrolisis

breaks AA bonds

5

R group

gives AA its unique property

6

9 essential AA

Histidine
Isoleucine
leucine

7

9 essential AA

Lysine
Methionine
Phenylalanine

8

9 essential AA

Threonine
tryptophan
valine

9

Gene expression

process by which cells use genes to make proteins

10

Gene

segment of DNA that serves as a template for synthesis of a particular protn

11

Trancription

mRNA copies gene info in nucleus

12

Translation

Genetic info carried by mRNA is translated to AA acid sequence of a prtn at the ribosome

13

DNA

specifies the type of AA that has to be made

14

tRNA

Molecules roam the cytoplasm until they succeed in binding with specific amino that matches their order