Ch4 Disorder Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch4 Disorder Deck (16):
1

Normal

fasting blood sugar- 70-99
Normal hgbA1- <5.7

2

Diabetic

Fasting blood sugar- more or = 126
Hgb A1- more or = 6.5

3

pre-diabedic

fasting blood sugar- 100-125
Hgb A1- 5.7 - 6.4

4

amylase

Bdown- starch to maltose
salivary amylase-begins digestion in mouth

5

Amylaze

made- pancreas and salivary glands
used- mouth small intestine

6

sucrase

bdown- sucrose to glucose and fructose

7

Sucrase

made in small intestine

8

lactase

Bdown- lactose to glucose and galactose

9

Lactase

made in small intestine

10

Dental caries

symtom- hole in tooth enamel
path- bactrial strep metabolites acidic burn holes

11

Lactose intolerance

symptoms- gas, bloating, cramping diarrhea
path- insufficient lactase to digest lactose

12

Type 1 diabetes

juvenile onset diabestes or insulin dependent diabetes mellitusIDDM
10% of all cases
not enough insulin produced
hyperglycemia

13

Type 2 diabetes

non insulin dependent dia `mellitus most cases
progressive disease- biolog changes with time
cells become resistant to insulin
hyperglycemia- cells cant take glu from blood

14

hypoglycemia

low blood glucose
cause shakiness sweating anxiety
reactive
fasting

15

Reactive hypoglycemia

pancreas secretes too much insulin after high carb meal

16

Fasting hypoglycemia

pancreas produce too much insulin even when someone has not eaten