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Flashcards in digestive disorders Deck (15):
1

Gastroesophageal reflux disease
(GERD)

painful persistent heartburn
caused by
-hiatal hernia
-smoking
-overweight
-pregnancy
-chocolate

2

hiatal hernia

upper part of the stomach lies above diaphragm.
stomach acids enter esophagus

3

Celiac disease (Sprue)

Genetic disorder
inability to consume gluten
immune cells respond & damage sm intestine
-poor nutrient absorbtion
no wheat, rye, and barley diet

4

Crohns disease

Inflammatory bowel disease
affects GI tract
caused by immune reaction to virus or bact
symt- diarrhea, ab pain, rectal bleeding, fever anemia, weight loss

5

Crohns disease

children- delayed growth

6

Ulcerative colitis

Chronic disease of colon
inflammation and ulceration of mucosa, inner most lining

7

Diarrhea

Frequent passage of loose watery stool
caused by
-infection of GI tract
-stress
-food intolerance
lead to
-dehydration
-loss of electrolytes
-acidosis even death

8

Dysentery

Diarrhea that contains blood
more dangerous in children and elderly

9

Contipation

infrequent hard, small, difficult to pass stools
prevention
-fiber rich foods and fluids
-regular exercise

10

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

disorder that interferes with normal colon function
symtoms-
-abdominal cramps, bloating
-diarrhea or constipation

11

Cause BS

Stress, caffeine
large meals, chocolate,
alcohol, dairy, wheat
more common in women than men

12

Dental caries

Streptococcus mutans
-leading cause of tooth decay
-bacteria fed by sugar and starches in teeth
-eat away teeth surface

13

belching

burping
caused by swallowed air, eating too fast chewing gum

14

Peptic ulcer

caused by
helicobacter pylori
long use of non-steroidal anti inflamatory drugs (NSAIDS)
area of GI tract that have been damaged by HCl and pepsin

15

Vomiting

reflex is triggered when substances stimulate brain cells to signal "backwards" peristalsis