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Flashcards in Ch4 Deck (23):
1

Glucose

Monosacchride
food source-plants (photosynthesis)

2

Glucose digestion

final product
small intestine (mucosa cells)

3

Lactose (milk sugar)

dissachride
made up of glucose + galactose

4

Lactose (Milk sugar)

food source- breast & cow milk

5

Lactose digestion

disaccharide
digestion
small intestine

6

Fructose (fruit sugar

monosacchride
food source- fruit vegetables

7

Fructose absorbed

Monosacchride
Via facilitated diffusion (slower abso)
Small intestine-> mucosa cells
converted to glucose in liver

8

Glucose and galactose absorbed

Via active transport

9

Maltose (Malt sugar)

Dissachride
glucose & glucose
food source- byproduct of fermented process

10

Maltose

Glucose + glucose
maltase bdown into monosacchride in small intestine

11

Sucrose

Dissachride
Glucose + fructose
food slource- sugar cane, honey, table sugar

12

Starch

Polysacchride
(amylose and amylopectin)
food source- wheat, white rice, legumes

13

Starch digestion

Polysacchride
Salivary amylase ->amylose to starch
amylopectin-> shorter chains

14

Glycogen

Polyssachride
storage form of glucose in animals
stored in liver and muscles
not common dietary source of carbs

15

Glycogen

Polysacchride
food source animal

16

Fiber

Polysacchride
Food source- plant

17

Fiber

Dietary fiber
Functional fiber
soluble fiber
insoluble fiber

18

Dietary fiber

non digestible part of plant

19

functional fiber

non digestible form of carbs extracted from plants or manufactured in labs
-have known health benef

20

Soluble fiber

dissolve in water- viscous & gel forming
fermentable- digested by bact

21

Soluble fiber

reduce risk of cardio disease
-pectin, gum, mucilage
-found- citrius fruits, berries. oats, beans

22

Insoluble fiber

nonviscous
Not fermented by bacteria
promote regular bowel movnt
alleviate constipation
reduce divertivulosis

23

Insoluble fiber sources

lignins, cellulose, hemicelluloses
-whole grains, seeds, legumes, fruit, and vegetables