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AS Geography - Abbi > Changing Places > Flashcards

Flashcards in Changing Places Deck (154)
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1

Placelessness

Loss of uniqueness of place in the cultural landscape, so one place looks like the next

2

Clone Towns

Urban retail areas dominated by national and international chain stores

3

Place

A portion of geographic space with a distinctive identity. It has a meaning to people

4

Location

Spatial area of a place.

5

Locale

Takes into account the effect that people have on a setting. A place is shaped by people, cultures and the customs within it.

6

Sense of place

The subjective attachment people have to a place. May be completely different from one perspective to the next.

7

What are the three theoretical approaches to place?

- Descriptivist
- Social Constructionist
- Phenomenological

8

Descriptivist approach to place

The idea that the world is a set of places and each can be studied and is distinct.

9

Social Constructionist approach to place

Sees place as a product of a particular set of processes occurring at a particular time.

10

Phenomenological approach to place

Not interested in the unique characteristics of a place or why it was constructed. Interested in how individuals experience a place.

11

What are the three scales we see identity at?

- Localism
- Regionalism
- Nationalism

12

Localism

An affection for a place or an emotional ownership of it.

13

Regionalism

Consciousness of, and loyalty to, a distinct region with a population that shares similarities.

14

Nationalism

Loyalty and devotion to a nation which creates a sense of national consciousness. Patriotism could be considered as an example of sense of place.

15

What is meant by global sense of place?

Places are dynamic and have multiple identities. They can only be understood by linking that place to places beyond. (Doreen Massey)

16

Two arguments of the effect of globalisation on a place

- It has led to the homogenization of place. 'placelessness' and 'clone towns'. No place is unique
- Led to increasing significance in place. It has localised places. 'glocalisation'.

17

Glocalisation

Products or services that are distributed globally but marketed to appeal to local consumers.

18

What factors influence sense of belonging? (7)

- Age
- Sex/gender
- Sexuality
- Level of education
- Ethnicity
- Socioeconomic status
- Religion

19

In what ways does place influence identity?

There can be meaning attached to a place and it can shape cultural identity through identifying with and against a place.

20

Insider perspective

The person connects with the place and feels a sense of belonging.

21

Outsider perspective

The person feels no connection to the place and could feel excluded/alienated.

22

What are the two categories of place?

Near places
Far places

23

Positionality

Factors that influence how we perceive places such as age, gender, ethnicity and religion.

24

Endogenous factors (definition)

Any factors thats originate internally. These could be human or physical

25

Exogenous factors (definition)

Factors that originate externally. Could be influences from other places.

26

Examples of endogenous factors

- Topography
- Location
- Land use
- Built environment
- Demographics

27

Near places

Geographically or emotionally near places. Changes the way we experience the place, more likely to feel 'in place'.

28

Far places

Geographically or emotionally distant, more likely to feel 'out of place'. Media has allowed geographically distant places to feel more familiar.

29

Experienced places

Places we have spent time in (may be geographically distant but feel near and familiar)

30

Media places

Places you have not been to but have created a sense of place through their depiction in books, tv etc. Often doesn't reflect reality as it often presents a place in a particular way.