Typhoon Haiyan, Philippines (LIC Storm Case Study) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Typhoon Haiyan, Philippines (LIC Storm Case Study) Deck (11)
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1

Spatial and temporal setting

2nd November: Tropical depression
4th November: Tropical storm
5th November: Typhoon
7th November: Landfall across Philippines
11th November: Dissipated over S China

2

Magnitude

Category 5 over Philippines

3

Cause of event

Warm oceans and rising air around the Federated states of Micronesia. 7.5m storm surge created.

4

Where was the most vulnerable and why?

Tacloban > The first to be hit by the typhoon and storm surge:
- High population density
- High levels of poverty. Slums with poor construction, lack of insurance. Reliant on aid.
- Low lying areas

5

Primary impacts

- 6000 killed and 1000 missing
- Widespread damage to infrastructure and buildings
- Destruction of roads, airports and hospitals
- Damage to farming and fishing industries
- Damage to government buildings

6

Secondary impacts

- 2 million homeless and 6 million displaced
- 20,000 fled to capital of Manila
- Landslide caused further infrastructure damage
- Damage of over $8 billion, setting back future development
- Looting due to government instability

7

Pre disaster stage

Monitored by the Joint Typhoon Warning Centre

8

Relief

Locals begin the search and rescue process

9

Rehabilitation

- State of national emergency declared
- International aid requested
- UN fundraising of $788 million
- Two UK navy ships deployed with 200,000 tonnes of aid
- Aid from the USA

10

Reconstruction

- Grants to buy new fishing boats
- Save the Children set up temporary schools
- Tourists resorts rebuilt
- Improvements to satellite prediction
- Mangroves and tree plantations to reduce impacts of storm surges

11

Why were responses to Haiyan worse than to Hurricane Katrina?

- Destruction of poor infrastructure delayed relief
- Only 20% of those needing aid in Tacloban received it
- Lack of political stability: looting and aid stolen from charity trucks
- Slow government response: 5 days with no water or shelter provided for those in need