California 'Campfire' 2018 (Wildfire Case Study) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in California 'Campfire' 2018 (Wildfire Case Study) Deck (9)
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1

Spatial and temporal setting

Northern California. 8-25th November 2018

2

Cause of the wildfire

Spark off of a power line

3

Why was the wildfire so deadly?

- Climate (six year drought) & high Santa Ana winds
- Vegetation: high density due to lack of recent wildfires. Dry conditions for a period of 7 months prior
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4

Primary impacts

- 85 deaths
- 18,000 buildings destroyed
- Widespread air pollution
- Contaminated water

5

Secondary Impacts

- 30,000 made homeless
- $16.5 billion in damage
- $8.4 billion in insurance
- House price rise by 10% from housing shortages
- Some public schools closed due to level of air pollution
- Habitat damage/forest loss

6

Pre-disaster response

-Code red evacuation order
- However, damage to cables meant that 3/14 zones didn't receive warning
- Poor city design made evacuation difficult

7

Relief response stage

- Firefighters battling flames
- Took 17 days to put out and slow assembly of resources
- 18,000 homes destroyed

8

Rehabilitation response stage

- Evacuation centres set up
- Supplies and mental health support provided
- Overcrowding led to norovirus outbreak
- Some refugees fleeing to neighboring towns > house price rise

9

Reconstruction response stage

- Environmental clean up
- Alterations to fire management system
- Hardening infrastructure against fire damage
- 20,000 of those displaced are still displaced in 2020
- only 900 building permits have been filled