Hurricane Katrina, USA (HIC Storm Case Study) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Hurricane Katrina, USA (HIC Storm Case Study) Deck (13)
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1

Spatial and temporal distribution

- Tropical depression (Caribbean Sea) : 23/8/2005
- Tropical storm (Southern Florida) : 28/8
- Gulf of Mexico > Louisiana > New Orleans

2

Magnitude

Category 4 when it hit New Orleans

3

Cause of event

28C average temperatures around Bahamas in Caribbean Sea

4

Why were people in New Orleans vulnerable?

- Flood control methods were in need of maintenance
- Shrinkage of soils meant that 50% of the city was below sea level
- Lack of emergency plan
- Inequality: very low income community

5

Who was most vulnerable in New Orleans?

Low income families:
- Lack of transport means to evacuate
- Close to levees with only substandard infrastructure
- Less able to economically recover

6

How did perception vary along the tack of the Hurricane?

More fatalistic attitude in certain areas vs adaption in other areas

7

Primary Impacts

- 11,000 homes flooded, 55,000 beyond repair
- 1 million refugees
- Power and water supplies disrupted
- 1242 deaths
- Lack of political stability
- Levees overwhelmed
- Water supplies contaminated
- 18 schools destroyed

8

Secondary impacts

- Financial cost of $200 billion
- Neighbouring states struggle with refugees
- 230,000 jobs lost from damaged businesses
- Oil spills
- Worldwide oil price rise
- Looters ransacked abandoned buildings
- 5 dead from contaminated water
- 80% of city flooded

9

Pre-disaster response

- Warnings given
- State of emergency declared
- Evacuation order
- Superdome shelter set up for refugees

10

Relief

Search and Rescue team preparation

11

Rehabilitation

- Refugees evacuated from Superdome
- Neighbouring states provide aid
- American Red Cross shelters set up
- Public health emergency declared
- Military transport sick and injured

12

Reconstruction

- $120.5 billion in federal spending
- Private insurance covered $30 billion in damage

13

How did early warning systems help the USA respond?

- National hurricane centre tracked the hurricane
- FEMA then positioned coast helicopters
- Teams and supplies were organised
- Compulsory evacuation was ordered for 80% of residents
- Coastguard managed to rescue 50,000 stranded residents