Chap 14 Flashcards Preview

Anatomy and Physiology > Chap 14 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chap 14 Deck (48):
1

Cardiac center

adjust the rate and flow of heart

2

Vasomotor center

adjust blood vessel diameter

3

respiratory center

controls the rate and depth of breathing

4

The reflex center

controls coughing, sneezing gagging swallowing, vomiting, salivation, sweating, movements of the tongue and head.

5

Pyamids

Carries motor signal from brain to the cerebral cortex to the spine, activating muscles, Baseball Bat Shaped

6

Olive

considered part of the pons and part of the auditory system, aiding the perception of sound.

7

Right and left hemispheres are connected by the

vermis

8

Cerebellum is connected to the brain stem by the

cerebellar peduncles

9

The gray matter folds in the cerebellun

folia

10

Large single cell layer in the cortex

Purkenje synapse

11

Cerebral peduncles hold the

Corticospinal tract

12

Helps control fine movement through red nucleus

Tegmentum

13

Sends inhibitory signals to the basal nuclei and thalamus

Substantia nigra

14

the sensory relay station that receives emotion and sensation is

deicephalon

15

hypothalamus controls these 7 fuction

Hormone
autonomic nerve system
thermoregulation
water and food intake
sleep and circulation rhythms
memory
emotional behavior

16

Roof-like aqueduct in midbrain

Tecum

17

tegmentum is dominated by

red nuclei

18

Most of the volume of the cerebrum is

white mater

19

tract of white mater extending from gyrus to gyrus

Association tract

20

tract of white mater extending across hemispheres involved in communication

commissural tract

21

The process in which the brain learns to ignore repetitive simulation while remaining sensitive to others is called

habituation

22

tract of white mater that connect the lobes and gyri of each hemisphere to each other

projection tract

23

lobes per hemisphere

5

24

lobes per cerebral

10

25

Amydala is important to

emotions

26

hippcampus is important to

memory

27

3 tracts of cerebral white mater

association
commissural
projection

28

Nerve I

Olfactory nerve (smell)

29

II

Optic, Vision

30

III

oculomotor (Movement of eye)

31

IV

Trochlear (eye movement)

32

V

Trigeminal (face, touch temp, pain)

33

VI

Abducens (eye movement)

34

VII

Facial Primary Root (FPR)

35

VII

Facial Intermediate Nerve (FIN)

36

IX

Glossopharynegeal nerve (taste touch pressure)

37

X

vagus nerve (taste, hunger, fullness)

38

XI

Accessory Nerve (swallowing, neck and shoulder movements)

39

XII

Hypoglossal nerve (tongue movement, food manipulation, swallowing.)

40

Old Opie Occasionally Tries And Feels Very Gloomy, Vague, And , Hypoactive

Olfactory, Optic, Opticmotor, trochclear, trigeminal, abducens, facial, vestibulocochlear, glosspharnegeal, Accessory, Hypoglossal.

41

VIII

Vestibulcochlear nerve Sensory (hearing, sense of balance)

42

Which part of the brain comes from the same origion

Ponds

43

3 primary brain vesicals

fore brain, mid brain, hind brain

44

3 meninges

Duramater, arachnoidmater, piamater

45

Parietal lobe nickname

Sensory

46

Frontal lobe nickname

motor

47

Temporal lobe nickname

auditory lobe

48

Occibital lobe nickname

visual lobe