Chapter 9 Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 9 Part 1 Deck (28):
1

Kinesiology

the study of musculoskeletal movement

2

diarthrosis

a free moving joint

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amphiarthrosis

a slightly movable joint

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synarthrosis

a joint capable of little or no movement

5

suture

immovable fibrous joints binding the bones of the skull

6

gomphosis

type of joint attaching a tooth to its socket

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syndesmoses

joint in which 2 bones are bound only by ligaments

8

synchondrosis

type of joint which are jointed by hyaline cartlage

9

symphysis

type of joint that are joined by fibrocartilage

10

synostosis (bony) joint

joint in which tow bones, once separated, become fused by osseous tissue

11

synovaial membrane

joint in which two bones are separated by a spaces filled with lubricant

12

synovial fluid

the slippery lubricant filling the space between bones in the synovial joint

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articular cartilage

connective tissue covering adjoining surfaces of bones with a joint

14

fibrous capsule

outer layer of joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum

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synovial membrane

inner layer of joint capsule made of areolar tissue which secretes fluid

16

tendon

attaches muscle to bone

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ligament

attaches bone to bone

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bursa

fibrous fluid filled sac located where a tendon passes over a bone

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tendon sheath

type of bursa that are elongated and wrap around tendons

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monoaxial

type of joint in which the bone can move only in one plane

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biaxial

type of joint in which the bone can move in 2 planes

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multiaxial

type of joint in which the bone can move in three or more planes

23

ball and socket joint

joint in which one bone with a hemispherical head fits within a cup-like depression on the other

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hinge joint

joint in which one bone with convex surface fits into a concave depression of the other bone

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saddle joint

the trapeziometacarpal joint for example

26

pivot joint

monoaxial joint in which a projection of on bone fits into a ring-like ligament of the other

27

gliding (plane) joint

type of joint in which the articular surfaces are only slightly convex and conclave

28

condvloid (ellipsoid) joint

joint in which an oval convex surface of one bone fits into a similarly shaped depression of the other