Chapter 1 1 Reality Therapy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 1 Reality Therapy Deck (40):
1

The view that humans are internally
motivated and behave to control the world
around them according to some purpose within
them. We are basically self-determining and create
our own destiny.

Choice theory

2

The act of sticking to a realistic
plan aimed at change.

Commitment

3

Specific ways of creating a
positive climate in which counseling can occur. The
proper environment is based on personal involvement
and specific procedures aimed at change.

Cycle of counseling

4

Choosing misery by developing
symptoms (such as headaching, depressing,
and anxietying) because these seem like the
best behaviors available at the time.

Paining behaviors

5

The reality that we experience
and interpret subjectively.

Perceived world

6

An image of our specific wants
as well as precise ways to satisfy these wants.

Picture album

7

The needs for belonging,
power, freedom, and fun; these are the forces
that drive humans and explain behavior.

Psychological needs

8

The perceptions and images we
have of how we can fulfill our basic psychological
needs; another phrase for picture album.

Quality world

9

Based on choice theory, this
approach provides a way of implementing therapeutic
procedures for helping individuals take
more effective control of their lives.

Reality therapy

10

Satisfying one’s needs in ways
that do not interfere with others’ fulfilling their
needs.

Responsibility

11

An acronym pertaining to the essence
of a good action plan: simple, attainable, measurable,
immediate, involved, controlled by the
planner, committed to, and continuously done.

SAMIC3

12

Clients’ assessment of current
behavior to decide whether it is working and if
what they are doing is meeting their needs. It is
the cornerstone of reality therapy procedures.

Self-evaluation

13

The integrated components of
doing, thinking, feeling, and physiology. Choice
theory assumes that all elements of behavior are
interrelated.

Total behavior

14

The key procedures applied to
the practice of reality therapy groups. The strategies
help clients identify their wants, determine
the direction their behavior is taking them, make
self-evaluations, and design plans for change.

WDEP system

15

1. What is important is not the way
the real world exists but the way we
perceive the world to exist.

t

16

T F 2. Choice theory is the framework for
the practice of reality therapy.

t

17

T F 3. A good way to change behavior is
for us to be self-critical.

f

18

T F 4. It is important to explore the past as
a way to change current behavior.

f

19

5. One of the therapist’s functions is to
make judgments about clients’ present
behavior.

f

20

T F 6. The focus of reality therapy is on attitudes
and feelings.

f

21

T F 7. The use of contracts is often part of
reality therapy.

t

22

T F 8. Reality therapy is grounded on
some existential concepts.

t

23

T F 9. It is the client’s responsibility to decide
on the goals of therapy.

t

24

T F 10. Appropriate punishment is an effective
way to change behavior

f

25

11. The founder of reality therapy is
a. Albert Ellis.
b. Albert Bandura.
c. Joseph Wolpe.
d. Robert Wubbolding.
e. William Glasser.

e

26

12. According to this approach, insight
a. is necessary before behavior
change can occur.
b. is not necessary for producing
behavior change.
c. will come only with changed
attitudes.
d. can be given to the client by the
teachings of the therapist.
e. will be discovered by the client
alone.

b

27

13. The view of human nature underlying
reality therapy is
a. that we have a need for identity.
b. that we have the need to feel
loved and to love others.
c. that we need to feel worthwhile
to ourselves and others.
d. all of the above.
e. none of the above.

d

28

14. Which is not a key concept of
reality therapy?
a. focus on the present
b. unconscious motivation
c. self-evaluations
d. involvement as part of the therapy
process
e. responsibility

b

29

15. Which of the following is not true
of reality therapy?
a. It is based on the premise that
acting and thinking are chosen
behaviors.
b. Clients must make commitments.
c. Therapists do not accept excuses
or blaming.
d. Therapy is a didactic process.
e. Working through the transference
relationship is essential for
therapy to occur.

e

30

16. Regarding the goals of reality therapy,
a. it is the therapist’s responsibility
to decide specific goals for clients.
b. it is the client’s responsibility to
decide goals.
c. the goals of therapy should be
universal to all clients.
d. society must determine the
proper goals for all clients.
e. both (c) and (d) are true.

b

31

17. In reality therapy, our quality world
is likened to
a. a picture album.
b. a reality TV show.
c. an expensive sports car.
d. a celebrity’s life.
e. none of the above.

a

32

18. Which statement is not true of reality
therapy?
a. It is based on a personal relationship.
b. It focuses on attitude change
as a prerequisite for behavior
change.
c. Planning is essential.
d. The focus is on the client’s
strengths.

b

33

19. Reality therapy was designed originally
for working with
a. elementary school children.
b. youthful offenders in detention
facilities.
c. alcoholics.
d. drug addicts.
e. people with marital conflicts.

b

34

20. Which of the following would not
be used by a reality therapist?
a. analysis of the transference relationship
b. hypnosis
c. the analysis of dreams
d. the search for causes of current
problems
e. all of the above

e

35


21. Which of the following statements
is true as it applies to choice theory?
a. Behavior is the result of external
forces.
b. We are controlled by the events
that occur in our lives.
c. We can control the behavior of
others by learning to actively listen
to them.
d. We are motivated completely by
internal forces, and our behavior
is our best attempt to get what
we want.
e. We can control our feelings more
easily than our actions.

d

36

22. According to Glasser, all of the following
are basic psychological needs
except for
a. competition.
b. belonging.
c. power.
d. freedom.
e. fun.

a

37

23. An axiom of choice theory is that
a. the past is the problem.
b. although the past may have contributed
to a current problem the
past is never the problem.
c. all serious problems are rooted
in unconscious drives that dictate
behavior.
d. mental illness is the cause of bad
choices people make.

b

38

24. Sometimes it seems as though people
actually choose to be miserable
(depressed). Glasser explains the
dynamics of depressing as being
based on
a. keeping anger under control.
b. getting others to help us.
c. excusing our unwillingness to do
something more effective.
d. all of the above.
e. none of the above.

d

39

25. All of the following are procedures
in reality therapy that are said to
lead to change except for
a. exploring wants, needs, and
perceptions.
b. focusing on current behavior.
c. the therapist’s evaluating of the
client’s behavior.
d. the client’s evaluating of his or
her own behavior.
e. the client’s committing to a plan
of action.

c

40

Therapist interest in and caring
for the client.

Involvement