Chapter 1 5 An Integrative Perspective Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 5 An Integrative Perspective Deck (33):
1

Selectively incorporating
a variety of interventions from other
therapeutic approaches, but grounded in a single
coherent theoretical system.

Assimilative integration

2

A search for common
elements across different theoretical systems.

Common factors approach

3

The shift toward
adopting therapeutic practices that are grounded
in empirical evidence refl ects a commitment to
“what works, not on what theory applies.”

Evidence-based practice

4

Looks beyond and
across the confi nes of single-school approaches to
see what can be learned from other perspectives.

Psychotherapy integration

5

These play a major
part in the lives and struggles of many people.
Exploring spiritual/religious values, when
deemed important by the client, can enhance the
therapy process.

Spiritual/religious values

6

A practitioner, lacking in knowledge
and skill in selecting interventions, grabs
for anything that seems to work, often making
no attempt to determine whether the therapeutic
procedures are indeed effective.

Syncretism

7


A focus on selecting the best treatment techniques
for the individual and the problem. It
tends to focus on differences, chooses from many
approaches, and is a collection of techniques.

Technical integration (technical eclecticism)

8

A conceptual or theoretical
creation beyond a mere blending of techniques
with the goal of producing a synthesis of
the best aspects of two or more theoretical approaches;
assumes that the combined creation
will be richer than either theory alone

Theoretical integration

9


T F 1. For decades, counselors were resistant
to integration, often to the
point of denying the validity of alternative
theories and of ignoring
effective methods from other theoretical
schools.

t

10

T F 2. As the field of psychotherapy has
matured, the concept of integration
has emerged as a mainstay.

t

11

T F 3. Syncretism occurs when a practitioner,
lacking in knowledge and skill
in selecting interventions, looks for
anything that seems to work.

t

12

T F 4. One of the best known forms of
technical integration is multidimensional
therapy created by Arnold
Lazarus.

f

13

T F 5. Psychotherapy integration stresses
tailoring of interventions to the individual
client, rather than to an
overarching theory.

t

14

T F 6. Although clients’ spiritual and religious
beliefs may be important to
them, it is ethically inappropriate
for clinicians to address these beliefs
in the context of therapy.

f

15

T F 7. Most forms of short-term psychotherapy
are active in nature, collaborative
in relationship, and
integrative in orientation.

t

16

T F 8. Therapeutic goals should always be
specifi c, concrete, and short term.

f

17

T F 9. Evaluating how well psychotherapy
works is relatively simple.

f

18

T F 10. Significant empirical research on
effectiveness has been produced for
all of the major models covered in
this book.

f

19

11. is best characterized by attempts
to look beyond and across
the confines of single-school approaches
to see what can be learned
from other perspectives.
a. Psychotherapy integration
b. Person-centered integration
c. Syncretistic confusion
d. Syncretism

a

20

12. Which of the following is NOT one
of the four most common pathways
toward the integration of psychotherapies?
a. technical integration
b. symbolic integration
c. assimilative integration
d. common factors approach

b

21

13. Which path calls for using techniques
from different schools without necessarily
subscribing to the theoretical
positions that spawned them?
a. technical integration
b. symbolic integration
c. assimilative integration
d. common factors approach

a

22

14. Which of the following therapies
synthesize the best aspects of two or
more theoretical approaches?
a. Dialectical behavior therapy
(DBT)
b. Acceptance and commitment
therapy
c. Emotion-focused therapy
d. All of these

d

23

15. The approach is grounded
in a particular school of psychotherapy,
along with an openness
to selectively incorporate practices
from other therapeutic approaches.
a. technical integration
b. symbolic integration
c. assimilative integration
d. common factors approach

c

24

16. Support, warmth, feedback, reassurance,
and credibility are considered
that have empirically
shown to be curative.
a. common factors
b. techniques
c. theoretical factors
d. symbolic factors

a

25

17. will increasingly become
the organizing force for integration.
a. Practice-based evidence
b. Evidence-based practice
c. Theory-based practice
d. Theory-based evidence

b

26

18. One aspect of integration that is
particularly well-suited to taking
cultural factors into account is
a. syncretism.
b. symbolism.
c. therapeutic fl exibility.
d. transference.

c

27

19. Sydney, a grief counselor, mentioned
to his colleagues in a peer
supervision group that he is open to
discussing his clients’ spiritual and
religious beliefs with them. What
should he say to his colleagues who
are skeptical about this practice?
a. “My clients’ spiritual and religious
beliefs are a major sustaining
power that supports
them when all else fails. I think
it would be unethical for me to
overlook this.”
b. “I know it is unethical for me
to raise these issues during sessions,
but my clients don’t seem
to mind.”
c. “Who are you to question my
practices? You are being completely
negligent and unethical
by not discussing religion with
your clients.”
d. None of these.

a

28

20. Which of the following is NOT a defi
ning characteristic of brief therapy?
a. clear specifi cation of achievable
treatment goals
b. emphasis on client’s defi cits and
unconscious dynamics
c. here-and-now orientation with a
primary focus on current functioning
in thinking, feeling, and
behaving
d. clear division of responsibilities
between client and therapist

b

29

21. What would both cognitive behavior
therapists and reality therapists
be inclined to say to their clients?
a. “I think you are projecting anger
on to me that belongs with your
mother. Let’s explore that.”
b. “Tell me about every part of your
dream that you can recall. What
do you think your dream is trying
to tell you?”
c. “What do you think about trying
out the new behaviors we discussed
today during the week?
Can you think of opportunities
you may have this week to practice
being assertive?”
d. “Why don’t you tell your mother
that she has a toxic effect on you
every time she compares you to
your sister. And feel free to tell her
that your therapist thinks so too!”

c

30

22. Which of the following approaches
does NOT emphasize the personal
relationship as the crucial determinant
of treatment outcomes?
a. The existential approach
b. The person-centered approach
c. The Gestalt approach
d. The behavioral approach

d

31

23. Eliza considers herself an Adlerian
therapist, Julie regards herself as a
feminist therapist, and Kyle specializes
in cognitive behavioral therapy.
What must all three therapists do
regardless of their theoretical orientation?
a. They must decide what relationship
style to adopt with each client.
b. They must decide what techniques,
procedures, or intervention
methods to use in each case.
c. They must decide when to use
certain techniques, procedures,
or intervention methods, and
with which clients.
d. All of these.

d

32

24. Most outcome studies in counseling
have been conducted by researchers
affi liated with
a. behavior and cognitive therapy
and person-centered therapy
b. narrative therapy
c. psychodrama
d. gestalt therapy

a

33

25. Research evidence from meta-analyses
has demonstrated that psychotherapy
is
a. not effective at all.
b. somewhat effective.
c. moderately effective.
d. remarkably effective.

d