Chapter 1 - Abnormal Psych History Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 1 - Abnormal Psych History Deck (22):
1

Abnormal behavior definition

Discomfort - least observable - phys/psych discomfort for person
Dysfunctional - behavior doesn't allow person to live up to social expectations
Deviance - behavior deviates from the norm
Dangerousness - leads to stigma, people assume mentally ill are dangerous but actually they are more likely to be victims

2

Multicultural perspective

All behavior originates from or takes place in cultural context

3

Internal vs external representation of culture

Internal - values, attitudes, worldviews
External - customs, habits, traditions

4

Cultural universality vs cultural relativity

Universality - traditional view in psych, behaviors assumed to be same cross-culturally
Relativity - every behavior is to be evaluated relative to one's own culture so only things that deviate from that culture are abnormal

5

Adaptation

Balance between what you do and what the environment requires of you

6

Maladaptive vs deviant

Idea: all maladaptive behavior is deviant, but not all deviant behavior is maladaptive. Sometimes deviant can be adaptive - creativity study

7

Prehistoric society

Focus: evil spirits
Trephination: carving holes in skull

8

Greeks/Romans society

Hippocrates, first personality theorist

9

Hippocrates personality types

Choleric (yellow bile) - impatient, cynical, irritable, aggressive
Melancholic (black bile) - depression, anxiety, neuroticism
Sanguine (blood) - happy, carefree
Phlegmatic (mucous) - passive, slow to warm up, controlled, reliable

10

Extremes of Hippocrates personality types

Choleric: some symptoms of mania, antisocial personality, reactive temperament
Melancholic: depression, anxiety, neuroticism
Sanguine: some phases of mania, personality disorders (histrionic)
Phlegmatic: can become rigid, OCD, some personality disorders, eating disorders

11

Middle ages

Historically much stress/upheaval, go back to spiritual roots
Focus: spiritual, Devil causing abnormal behav
Treatment: beatings and exorcisms

12

Renaissance

Johann Weyer, 1st to specialize in mental illness
Asylums = gentle treatments to help patients get better, humane treatments
Resources couldn't handle all patients, overcrowded and overwhelmed, became insane asylums "Bedlam"

13

19th Century

Philip Pinel, provided more humane conditions, unchained patients
William Tuke, Quaker, York Retreat
Decline of moral treatment at the end of the 1800s, due to lack oc resources

14

Early 20th Century

Somatogenic perspective: abnormal behavior has physical cause (treatments: lobotomies, insulin shock, hydrotherapy, early ECT
Psychogenic perspective: abnormal behavior results in physical problems (hypnosis, Freud, **moved patient care in -> out patient)

15

50's Drug Revolution

Deinstitutionalization!
Swinging door phenomenon - people leave hospital -> destabilize -> people came back to hospital

16

Modern treatment options

1) Outpatient psychotherapy - varying orientations, financial issues
2) Community mental health centers - helped many but recent eco times cut budgets
3) Emphasis on prevention and promotion of mental health, prevention programs in schools teaching life skills

17

Positive psychology

Research going on that actually is empirical, focus on what is right and promote these things

18

How do differences in ethnic background affect treatments?

Minorities seek help less, drop out sooner, and don't improve as well

19

How to make treatments for minorities more effective?

Sensitivity to cultural issues
Incorporating cultural values into treatments

20

Cultural awareness

Awareness of one's own culture - must step out of your own culture to get this

21

Cultural sensitivity

Be sensitive to and respect cultural differences

22

Cultural competence

Ability to work competently with people within their cultural values