Flashcards in Chapter 1 African-American History cards Deck (18):
Egyptians to cultivated what?
wheat and barley and herd goats, sheep, pigs, and cattle in an otherwise desolate region.
During the Post-Empire period (1100-30 BCE). Egypt fell prey to a series of ?
outside invaders—Assyrians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, and Arabs
Who were the Kush?
an independent kingdom established by Nubians, which had it’s capital at Kerma on the upper Nile River.
What became the first Christian sub-state?
Axum had become the first Christian state in sub-Saharan Africa.
Axum is Located where?
Axum is Located in what is today Ethiopia, and emerged as a nation during the first century BCE.
Early West African farmers grew what?
millet, rice, and sorghum while tending herds of cattle and goats.
The first known kingdom in the western Sudan, founded by the Soninke People were?
Ghana's main source of wealth was?
trade and the key to this trade was the Asian camel.
The Soninke people used camels because?
The Soninke people used camels because they could endure large journeys with small amounts of water.
Ghana received what from North Africa?
silk, glass beads, horses, cotton, and salt
Ghana exported what?
pepper, slaves, and gold.
What were the indigenous people of western North Africa known as?
what made mali’s population grow to eight million (8,000,000)
Sundiata gained control of the gold mines of Wangara which made his empire wealthier than Ghana
Mali's most important trade center became?
Timbuktu (because of it’s location beside the Niger River. )
Timbuktu became a place for Islamic learning and a major trading hub when?
in the thirteenth century.
The Mali empire reached its peak under the control of who?
Mansa Musa (1312- 1337)
What is Mansa Musa known for?
In 1324 Musa went on a pilgrimage to the Islamic holy city of mecca in Arabia with a group of sixty-thousand followers.