Flashcards in Chapter 13 Deck (11):
Morrill Land-Grant Act
provided states with funds for agricultural and mechanical colleges.
Nathan Bedford Forrest
Founder of the Ku Klux Klan (KKK)
Ku Klux Klan
Terrorist organization founded in 1866 with goal of neutralizing the power of the Republican Party
• The Ku Klux Klan was founded in Pulaski, Tennessee, in 1866.
• It was originally a social club for Confederate veterans who adopted secret oaths and rituals—similar to the Union Leagues, but with far more deadly results.
prohibits the federal and state governments from denying a citizen the right to vote based on that citizen's "race, color, or previous condition of servitude." It was ratified on February 3, 1870, as the third and last of the Reconstruction Amendments.
Enforcement Act of 1870
Passed in 1870 meant to respond to terrorism in the south.
Ku Klux Klan Act
Made it a federal offense to interfere with an individual's right to vote, hold office, serve on jury, or enjoy equal protection of the law
Civil Rights Act of 1875
Originally intended to open public accommodations including schools, churches, cemeteries, hotels, and and transportation to all people regardless of race
1 the action of saving or being saved from sin, error, or evil:
2 the action of regaining or gaining possession of something in exchange for payment, or clearing a debt.
Compromise of 1877
was a purported informal, unwritten deal that settled the intensely disputed 1876 U.S. presidential election, pulled federal troops out of state politics in the South, and ended the Reconstruction Era.
What did groups like the Ku Klux Klan hope to achieve?
If black men in politics was illegitimate—in the eyes of white Southerners—then it was acceptable to use violence to remove them.
• This thinking gave rise to militant terrorist organizations, such as tithe Ku Klux Klan, the Knights of the White Camellia, the White Brotherhood,and the Whitecaps.
• Threats, intimidation, beatings, rapes, and murder would restore conservative white Democratic rule and force black peo- pie back into subordination.