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Flashcards in History final Deck (35):

What idea of Eli Whitney transformed manufacturing by making each copy of a
manufactured item exactly alike?

Interchangeable parts


A person who put the interests of his or her state or region ahead of what was best for the rest of the nation was demonstrating what attitude?



Name the four ways the South was changed by the invention of the cotton gin?

The planting of cotton moved westward

Cotton exports increased

Native Americans were driven off land for cotton growing

Still required much labor so slavery still strong


Why were most of the nation's early factories located in New England?

Rivers for power source, ships and the ocean for transportation, willing labor force.


What group of Americans sought religious freedom in the West?



How did the gold rush affect the population of Native Americans in California?

They died from disease or were hunted down


Which phrase did Americans use to explain the movement westward from coast-to-coast?

Manifest Destiny


How were educational opportunities limited for African Americans in the 1800s?

Illegal to teach them t o read, barred from public education and only a few colleges accepted a limited number


For what reason is Harriet Tubman famous?

Freeing slaves using the underground railroad.


What were the main reasons for Europeans to come to the United Stales (aka the push-pull factors)?

economic activity
abundant land

Population growth
Agricultural changes
Crop Failures
Industrial Revolution
Religious and Political turmoil


Why were Sojourner Truth and Frederick Douglass effective abolitionist speakers?

They spoke from their own experience of slavery.


What did the women working in Lowell Mills form in 1836 to seek better working conditions?

In 1845, Sarah Bagely formed the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association to petition to Massachusetts for a Ten-Hour work day, but failed.


What did Horace Mann call "the great equalizer"?



How did some brave people help slaves escape to freedom through a system of houses and barns?

The underground railroad


What movement did many Americans, especially women, join to defeat alcohol abuse?

Temperance Movement


From which country did immigrants come after potato crop failures in the 1840s?



The belief that the people living in a region should decide key issues is called what?

popular sovereignty


Another name for the movement to end slavery is called what?



Who captured the U.S. arsenal at Harpers Ferry?

John Brown


Which bill settled the controversy over slavery in California and in the rest of the Mexican Cession?

The Fugitive Slave Act was part of the group of laws referred to as the "Compromise of 1850."


Whose lawsuit to gain freedom was denied in a landmark Supreme Court decision?

Dred Scott was the famous slave who sued to gain his freedom and was denied by the US Supreme Court


Who did the Northern Democrats nominate to be president in 1860?

Stephen A. Douglas


Whom did the Confederate States of America select as president after seceding from the Union?

Jefferson Davis


What were the Confederate States of America?

A government set up on February 8, 1861, by six of the seven southern slave states that had declared their secession from the United States.


What event triggered (first battle of Civil War) the lighting between the North and the South?

When John Brown raided Harpers Ferry in 1859, he set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861


What advances in technology made the Civil War much deadlier than earlier American wars?

Rifles with minie’ balls and Iron Clads


What was the Northern strategy for winning the Civil War?

Penetrate deep into the south and take over the rivers and ports.


What advantage did the North have over the South in the Civil War?

The North had great advantages in manpower, material, and organization. It had more than twice the population of the South, and many more factories to produce war supplies. The U.S. government had been functioning well for many decades, Name the five "border stales· in the Civil War?
Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, and West Virginia.


Which battle resulted in the bloodiest day in all of American history, with neither side
having" gained any ground?

The Battle of Antietam


What killed most men during the Civil War?



Which/what was an ironclad?

A steam-propelled warship fitted with plates of iron armor.


What event triggered (first battle of Civil War) the lighting between the North and the South?

When John Brown raided Harpers Ferry in 1859, he set in motion events that led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861


What strange occurrence led to the Battle of Gettysburg?

The confederates wanted to buy shoes in Gettysburg.


What is meant by the statement the William Tecumseh Sherman "March to the Sea" where he waged total war?

He attacked the civilian infrastructure of the Confederacy, to starve the South, including their armies.


What was the 54th Massachusetts Regiment?

The first military unit consisting of black soldiers to be raised in the North during the Civil War.