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Flashcards in French Revolution Deck (17):
1

Old Regime

the social and political system of France (also Europe) in the 1770s in which people were divided into three large social classes

2

First Estate

estate that was formed by the clergy of the Roman Catholic Church; had access to high offices and exemptions from paying taxes

3

Second Estate

estate that was made up of rich nobles; owned 20 percent of the land in France and paid almost no taxes

4

Third Estate

estate formed by the middle class, the workers, and the peasant farmers; resented the First and Second Estates

5

Fourth Estate

a societal or political force or institution whose influence is not consistently or officially recognized

6

Bourgeoisie, Workers, Peasants

three groups that made up the Third Estate

7

Bourgeoisie

term for the middle class

8

Louis XVI

king of France whose excessive spending caused France's government to sink deeply into debt; a very weak leader

9

Marie Antoinette

queen who often interfered with government matters and gave king bad advice; very unpopular among the French

10

Estates-General

an assembly of representatives from all three estates that met to approve a tax on the nobility

11

Voting Problems

these occurred during the meeting of the estates-general

12

National Assembly

in a speech, Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès suggested that the Third Estate name themselves this and pass laws and reforms in the name of the French people

13

Tennis Court Oath

after delegates of the Third Estate broke down a door, they made this pledge to stay there until they had drawn out a new constitution

14

Jul 14, 1789

date on which a mob stormed Bastille, a Paris prison

15

Bastille

Paris prison that was stormed by a mob searching for gunpowder on July 14, 1789

16

Great Fear

wave of senseless panic that rolled through France after it was suggested that nobles were hiring outlaws to terrorize the peasants

17

Coup d' etat

Sudden seizure of power